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Does the Geographic Expansion of Banks Reduce Risk?

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  • Goetz, Martin
  • Laeven, Luc
  • Levine, Ross

Abstract

We develop a new identification strategy to evaluate the impact of the geographic expansion of a bank holding company (BHC) across U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) on BHC risk. For the average BHC, the instrumental variable results suggest that geographic expansion materially reduces risk. Geographic diversification does not affect loan quality. The results are consistent with arguments that geographic expansion lowers risk by reducing exposure to idiosyncratic local risks and inconsistent with arguments that expansion, on net, increases risk by reducing the ability of BHCs to monitor loans and manage risks.

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  • Goetz, Martin & Laeven, Luc & Levine, Ross, 2016. "Does the Geographic Expansion of Banks Reduce Risk?," CEPR Discussion Papers 11231, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11231
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    Cited by:

    1. Haufler, Andreas & Wooton, Ian, 2018. "Multinational Banks in Regulated Markets: Is Financial Integration Desirable?," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 99, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    2. Yildirim, Canan & Efthyvoulou, Georgios, 2018. "Bank value and geographic diversification: regional vs global," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 225-245.
    3. Andreas Haufler & Ian Wooton, 2016. "Cross-Border Banking in Regulated Markets: Is Financial Integration Desirable?," CESifo Working Paper Series 6150, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Faia, Ester & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P. & Sanchez Arjona, Irene, 2017. "International expansion and riskiness of Banks," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83615, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Faia, Ester & Laffitte, Sebastien & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P., 2019. "Foreign expansion, competition and bank risk," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 179-199.
    6. repec:eee:finlet:v:29:y:2019:i:c:p:136-140 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jiang, Liangliang & Levine, Ross & Lin, Chen, 2019. "Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(2), pages 513-538, April.
    8. Duijm, Patty & Schoenmaker, Dirk, 2017. "European Banks Straddling Borders: Risky or Rewarding?," CEPR Discussion Papers 12159, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2017. "Do creditor rights and information sharing affect the performance of foreign banks?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 13-35.
    10. Liangliang Jiang & Ross Levine & Chen Lin, 2017. "Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?," NBER Working Papers 23080, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. repec:eee:finana:v:59:y:2018:i:c:p:35-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Schüwer, Ulrich & Gropp, Reint E. & Noth, Felix, 2016. "What drives banks' geographic expansion? The role of locally non-diversifiable risk," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145885, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. repec:eee:corfin:v:56:y:2019:i:c:p:38-63 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Koetter, Michael & Müller, Carola & Noth, Felix & Fritz, Benedikt, 2018. "May the force be with you: Exit barriers, governance shocks, and profitability sclerosis in banking," Discussion Papers 49/2018, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    15. repec:eee:jfinin:v:35:y:2018:i:pa:p:57-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Anna Chernobai & Ali Ozdagli & Jianlin Wang, 2018. "Business Complexity and Risk Management: Evidence from Operational Risk Events in U.S. Bank Holding Companies," 2018 Meeting Papers 1146, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    17. Woon Sau Leung & Wei Song & Jie Chen, 2018. "Does Bank Stakeholder Orientation Enhance Financial Stability? Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Working Papers 2018-14, Swansea University, School of Management.
    18. repec:eee:jfinin:v:35:y:2018:i:pa:p:102-119 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Amore, Mario Daniele & Garofalo, Orsola, 2016. "Executive gender, competitive pressures, and corporate performance," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 131(PA), pages 308-327.
    20. Radoslav Raykov & Consuelo Silva-Buston, 2018. "Multibank Holding Companies and Bank Stability," Staff Working Papers 18-51, Bank of Canada.
    21. Ross Levine & Chen Lin & Zigan Wang, 2017. "Acquiring Banking Networks," NBER Working Papers 23469, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    22. Ross Levine & Chen Lin & Wensi Xie, 2016. "Geographic Diversification and Banks’ Funding Costs," NBER Working Papers 22544, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    23. Ali K. Ozdagli & Jianlin Wang & Anna Chernobai, 2016. "Business complexity and risk management: evidence from operational risk events in U. S. bank holding companies," Working Papers 16-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, revised 01 Oct 2016.
    24. repec:gam:jrisks:v:6:y:2018:i:4:p:134-:d:183882 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank Regulation; Banking; financial stability; Hedging; risk;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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