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The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification: Evidence from U.S. Banks

  • Martin Goetz
  • Luc Laeven
  • Ross Levine

This paper assesses the impact of the geographic diversification of bank holding company (BHC) assets across the United States on their market valuations. Using two novel identification strategies based on the dynamic process of interstate bank deregulation, we find that exogenous increases in geographic diversity reduce BHC valuations. These findings are consistent with the view that geographic diversity makes it more difficult for shareholders and creditors to monitor firm executives, allowing corporate insiders to extract larger private benefits from firms.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17660.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
Publication status: published as “Identifying the Valuation Effects and Agency Costs of Corporate Diversification: Evidence from the Geographic Diversification of U.S. Banks” (with Martin Goetz and Luc Laeven), Review of Financial Studies, 2013, 26(7): 1787-1823.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17660
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