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Equal Opportunities for All? How Income Redistribution Promotes Support for Economic Inclusion

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  • Ilona Reindl

    (University of Vienna)

  • Jean-Robert Tyran

    (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark)

Abstract

We experimentally investigate how income redistribution shapes support for economic inclusion, i.e., a policy that creates equality of opportunity for income generation. We study a setting in which low-endowment subjects are excluded from investment opportunities unless those with high endowments transfer resources to the low-endowment subjects. We find that support for economic inclusion is stronger among high-endowment subjects if incomes are known to be redistributed in the future compared to a situation in which this is precluded by design. Income redistribution spreads both risks and returns of investments in the population which, in turn, induces a higher rate of profitable investments, and this prospect tends to foster support for economic inclusion. Income redistribution thus induces more equal and efficient outcomes by boosting popular support for economic inclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Ilona Reindl & Jean-Robert Tyran, 2020. "Equal Opportunities for All? How Income Redistribution Promotes Support for Economic Inclusion," Discussion Papers 20-07, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:2007
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    laboratory experiment; income redistribution; economic inclusion; equality of opportunity; investment; risk taking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty

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