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Who Shares Risk with Whom under Different Enforcement Mechanisms?

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  • Abigail Barr
  • Marleen Dekker
  • Marcel Fafchamps

Abstract

We investigate whether available enforcement mechanisms affect who shares risk with whom in sub-Saharan Africa, by applying dyadic regression analysis to data from a lab-type experiment, surveys, and a genealogical-mapping exercise. During the experiment, participants were invited to form risk-sharing groups under three enforcement mechanisms: external, intrinsic, and extrinsic (i.e., social sanctioning). Same-sex dyads and dyads who belong to the same economic community-based organizations (CBOs) are more likely to share risk. However, when social sanctioning is possible, comembers in economic CBOs withdraw from group formation and coreligion, and marriage ties come to the fore.

Suggested Citation

  • Abigail Barr & Marleen Dekker & Marcel Fafchamps, 2012. "Who Shares Risk with Whom under Different Enforcement Mechanisms?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(4), pages 677-706.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:doi:10.1086/665599
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hans P. Binswanger, 1980. "Attitudes Toward Risk: Experimental Measurement in Rural India," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 62(3), pages 395-407.
    2. Dekker, Marleen, 2004. "Sustainability and Resourcefulness: Support Networks During Periods of Stress," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1735-1751, October.
    3. Dercon, Stefan & De Weerdt, Joachim & Bold, Tessa & Pankhurst, Alula, 2006. "Group-based funeral insurance in Ethiopia and Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 685-703, April.
    4. Train,Kenneth E., 2009. "Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521747387, May.
    5. Kinsey, Bill & Burger, Kees & Gunning, Jan Willem, 1998. "Coping with drought in Zimbabwe: Survey evidence on responses of rural households to risk," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 89-110, January.
    6. Abigail Barr & Marleen Dekker & Marcel Fafchamps, 2010. "The formation of community based organizations in sub-Saharan Africa: An analysis of a quasi-experiment," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-21, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    7. Steven D. Levitt & John A. List, 2007. "What Do Laboratory Experiments Measuring Social Preferences Reveal About the Real World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(2), pages 153-174, Spring.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sonia Di Giannatale & Alexander Elbittar & Patricia López-Rodríguez & María-José Roa-García, 2013. "Trust, Information Acquisition and Financial Decisions: A Field Experiment," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 375-401, July-Dece.
    2. Barr, Abigail & Dekker, Marleen & Fafchamps, Marcel, 2015. "The Formation of Community-Based Organizations: An Analysis of a Quasi-Experiment in Zimbabwe," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 131-153.
    3. Christian Ahlin, 2017. "Matching Patterns When Group Size Exceeds Two," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 9(1), pages 352-384, February.
    4. Orazio Attanasio & Abigail Barr & Juan Camilo Cardenas & Garance Genicot & Costas Meghir, 2012. "Risk Pooling, Risk Preferences, and Social Networks," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 134-167, April.
    5. Lahno, Amrei M. & Serra-Garcia, Marta & D’Exelle, Ben & Verschoor, Arjan, 2015. "Conflicting risk attitudes," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 136-149.
    6. Rachel Cassidy & Marcel Fafchamps, 2015. "Can community-based microfinance groups match savers with borrowers? Evidence from rural Malawi," CSAE Working Paper Series 2015-13, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    7. Alger, Ingela & Juarez, Laura & Juarez-Torres, Miriam & Miquel-Florensa, Josepa, 2016. "Does informal risk sharing induce lower efforts? Evidence from lab-in-the-field experiments in rural Mexico," TSE Working Papers 16-623, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Oct 2016.
    8. Arun G. Chandrasekhar & Cynthia Kinnan & Horacio Larreguy, 2014. "Social Networks as Contract Enforcement: Evidence from a Lab Experiment in the Field," NBER Working Papers 20259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Beck, Ulrik & Bjerge, Benedikte & Fafchamps, Marcel, 2015. "Social Ties and the Efficiency of Factor Transfers," CEPR Discussion Papers 10957, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Landmann, Andreas & Seitz, Helke & Steiner, Susan, 2017. "Intergenerational Coresidence and Female Labour Supply," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168282, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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