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International Research Networks: Determinants of Country Embeddedness

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  • Holger Graf

    () (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)

  • Martin Kalthaus

    () (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)

Abstract

We analyze the evolution of the international collaboration network in photovoltaic research. Using data on scientific publications for the period 1980-2015, we apply social network analysis to trace the evolution of the global network of countries and national research networks of organizations. Our objective is to identify the determinants of countries' international research embeddedness by looking at national policies and structural properties of the national research networks. We observe a steady increase of publications and collaboration within the global research network. While there is a small group of countries that remains central throughout all years, several countries emerge and catch up while others lose their relative position.We find that cohesion and connectedness of the national system positively affect research output as well as international embeddedness, whereas centralized systems are less embedded. Policy, especially demand side instruments, has a positive effect on publication output and embeddedness.

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  • Holger Graf & Martin Kalthaus, 2016. "International Research Networks: Determinants of Country Embeddedness," Jena Economic Research Papers 2016-016, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2016-016
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    Cited by:

    1. Luca Verginer & Massimo Riccaboni, 2018. "Brain-Circulation Network: The Global Mobility of the Life Scientists," Working Papers 10/2018, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Oct 2018.

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    Keywords

    International Collaboration; Research Network; Photovoltaics; Instrument Mix; Bibliographic Data;

    JEL classification:

    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources

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