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The Impact of Funding on Research Collaboration: Evidence from Argentina

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  • Diego Ubfal
  • Alessandro Maffioli

Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the impact of research grants on the amount of collaboration, among scientific researchers in Argentina. We find a positive and significant impact of funding on collaboration, which is measured in terms of the number of co-authors for publications in peer-reviewed journals. In particular, we find a significant impact of the grants for funded researchers both on the size of their ego network, and on their 2-step indirect links, measured by the number of direct and 1-step indirect co-authors. We also find evidence that this impact was driven by the results of funded researchers at the upper tail of the distribution of collaboration outcomes. Our identification strategy is based on comparing collaboration indicators for researchers with financially supported projects with those of a control group of researchers who submitted projects that were accepted in terms of quality, but not supported because of shortage of funds. We obtain consistent results by using different non-experimental techniques such as difference-in-differences models combined with propensity score matching methods and a non-parametric difference-in-differences estimator.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Ubfal & Alessandro Maffioli, 2010. "The Impact of Funding on Research Collaboration: Evidence from Argentina," SPD Working Papers 1006, Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Strategic Planning and Development Effectiveness (SPD).
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:spdwps:1006
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    2. Gustavo A. Crespi & Alessandro Maffioli & Pierre Mohnen & Gonzalo Vázquez, 2011. "Evaluating the Impact of Science, Technology and Innovation Programs: a Methodological Toolkit," SPD Working Papers 1104, Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Strategic Planning and Development Effectiveness (SPD).
    3. Stefan Houweling & Sven Wolff, 2020. "The influence of scientific prestige and peer effects on the intention to create university spin-offs," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 45(5), pages 1432-1450, October.
    4. Muscio, Alessandro & Lopolito, Antonio & Nardone, Gianluca, 2019. "Evaluating social dynamics within technology clusters: A methodological approach to assess social capital," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    5. Belén Álvarez-Bornstein & Adrián A. Díaz-Faes & María Bordons, 2019. "What characterises funded biomedical research? Evidence from a basic and a clinical domain," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 119(2), pages 805-825, May.
    6. ONISHI Koichiro & OWAN Hideo, 2020. "Heterogenous Impacts of National Research Grants on Academic Productivity," Discussion papers 20052, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    7. Ping Zhou & Xiaojing Cai & Xiaozan Lyu, 0. "An in-depth analysis of government funding and international collaboration in scientific research," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 0, pages 1-17.
    8. Benjamin Davies & Jason Gush & Shaun C. Hendy & Adam B. Jaffe, 2020. "Research Funding and Collaboration," Working Papers 20_12, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    9. Simone Belli & Joan Baltà, 2019. "Stocktaking scientific publication on bi-regional collaboration between Europe 28 and Latin America and the Caribbean," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 121(3), pages 1447-1480, December.
    10. Ebadi, Ashkan & Tremblay, Stéphane & Goutte, Cyril & Schiffauerova, Andrea, 2020. "Application of machine learning techniques to assess the trends and alignment of the funded research output," Journal of Informetrics, Elsevier, vol. 14(2).
    11. Giuliani, Elisa & Pietrobelli, Carlo, 2014. "Social Network Analysis Methodologies for the Evaluation of Cluster Development Programs," Papers in Innovation Studies 2014/11, Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research.
    12. Weishu Liu & Li Tang & Guangyuan Hu, 2020. "Funding information in Web of Science: an updated overview," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 122(3), pages 1509-1524, March.
    13. Zhang, Ning & Choi, Yongrok & Wang, Wei, 2019. "Does energy research funding work? Evidence from the Natural Science Foundation of China using TEI@I method," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 369-380.
    14. Ubfal, Diego & Maffioli, Alessandro, 2011. "The impact of funding on research collaboration: Evidence from a developing country," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1269-1279.
    15. Ping Zhou & Xiaojing Cai & Xiaozan Lyu, 2020. "An in-depth analysis of government funding and international collaboration in scientific research," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 125(2), pages 1331-1347, November.
    16. Álvarez-Bornstein, Belén & Bordons, María, 2021. "Is funding related to higher research impact? Exploring its relationship and the mediating role of collaboration in several disciplines," Journal of Informetrics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Scientific Collaboration; Social Networks; Program Evaluation; Nonparametric Difference-in-Differences Estimator; Latin America; Argentina;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation

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