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Migrant Youths' Educational Achievement: The Role of Institutions

  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A.

    ()

    (University of Melbourne)

  • Sinning, Mathias

    ()

    (Australian National University)

  • Stillman, Steven

    ()

    (University of Otago)

We use 2009 Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) data to link institutional arrangements in OECD countries to the disparity in reading, math, and science test scores for migrant and native-born students. We find that achievement gaps are larger for those migrant youths who arrive later and for those who do not speak the test language at home. Institutional arrangements often serve to mitigate the achievement gaps of some migrant students while leaving unaffected or exacerbating those of others. For example, earlier school starting ages help migrant youths in some cases, but by no means in all. Limited tracking on ability appears beneficial for migrants' relative achievement, while complete tracking and a large private school sector appear detrimental. Migrant students' achievement relative to their native-born peers suffers as educational spending and teachers' salaries increase, but is improved when examination is a component of the process for evaluating teachers.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6150.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 2012, 643 (1), 18 - 45
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6150
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  1. Corak, Miles, 2011. "Age at Immigration and the Education Outcomes of Children," IZA Discussion Papers 6072, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Eric Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2008. "The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development," Discussion Papers 07-034, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
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  6. Yann Algan & Christian Dustmann & Albrecht Glitz & Alan Manning, 2009. "The Economic Situation of First- and Second-Generation Immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom," CEP Discussion Papers dp0951, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  7. Dronkers, Jaap, 2010. "Positive but also negative effects of ethnic diversity in schools on educational performance? An empirical test using cross-national PISA data," MPRA Paper 25598, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Chen, Wen-Hao & Aydemir, Abdurrahman & Corak, Miles, 2008. "Intergenerational Education Mobility Among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2008316e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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  10. Bishop, J., 1997. "The Effect of national Standards and Curriculum-Based Exams on Achievement," Papers 97-01, Cornell - Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.
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  15. Jerik Hanushek & Dennis Kimko, 2006. "Schooling, Labor-force Quality, and the Growth of Nations," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 1, pages 154-193.
  16. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Gianadrea Lanzara, 2011. "Educational Achievement of Second Generation Immigrants: An International Comparison," Development Working Papers 314, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  17. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Michael Rosholm & Nina Smith & Leif Husted, 2003. "The school-to-work transition of 2 nd generation immigrants in Denmark," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 755-786, November.
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  21. Jaap Dronkers & Manon de Heus, 2012. "The Educational Performance of Children of Immigrants in Sixteen OECD Countries," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1210, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  22. Joachim R. Frick & Gert G. Wagner, 2000. "Short Term Living Conditions and Long Term Prospects of Immigrant Children in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 229, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  23. Petra E. Todd & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 2003. "On The Specification and Estimation of The Production Function for Cognitive Achievement," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages F3-F33, February.
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