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Demography, Capital Flows and Unemployment

  • Marchiori, Luca

    ()

    (Central Bank of Luxembourg)

  • Pierrard, Olivier

    ()

    (Central Bank of Luxembourg)

  • Sneessens, Henri R.

    ()

    (University of Luxembourg)

This paper contributes to the already vast literature on demography-induced international capital flows by examining the role of labor market imperfections and institutions. We setup a two-country overlapping generations model with search unemployment, which we calibrate on EU15 and US data. Labor market imperfections are found to significantly increase the volume of capital flows, because of stronger employment adjustments in comparison with a competitive economy. We next exploit the model to investigate how demographic asymmetries may have contributed to unemployment and welfare changes in the recent past (1950-2010). We show that a policy reform in one country also has an impact on labor markets in other countries when capital is mobile.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6094.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6094
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