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Distance to Retirement and The Job Search of Older Workers: The Case For Delaying Retirement Age

Author

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  • Jean-Olivier Hairault

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor)

  • François Langot

    (IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université, CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

  • Thepthida Sopraseuth

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université)

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical foundation and empirical evidence in favor of the view that the retirement age decision impacts on the employment of older workers before this age. Countries with a retirement age at 60 are indeed characterized by lower employment rates for workers aged 55-59. Based on the French Labor Force Survey, we show that the likelihood of employment is significantly affected by the distance from retirement, in addition to age and other relevant variables. We then extend McCall's (1970) job search model by explicitly integrating life-cycle features and the retirement decision. Using simulations, we show that the distance effect in conjunction with the generosity of unemployment benefits for older workers explains the low rate of employment just before the eligibility retirement age. Finally, we show that implementing actuarially-fair schemes, not only extends the retirement age, but also encourages a more intensive job-search by older unemployed workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2010. "Distance to Retirement and The Job Search of Older Workers: The Case For Delaying Retirement Age," Post-Print hal-00517107, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00517107
    DOI: 10.1162/jeea_a_00014
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00517107
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