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Life Cycle Equilibrium Unemployment

Author

Listed:
  • Arnaud Chéron

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université)

  • Jean-Olivier Hairault

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • François Langot

    () (IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, GAINS-TEPP - UM - Le Mans Université, CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications)

Abstract

This paper extends the job creation--job destruction approach to the labor market to take into account a deterministic finite horizon. As hirings and separations depend on the time over which investment costs can be recouped, the life-cycle setting implies age-differentiated labor-market flows. While search by the unemployed falls with age, the separation rate is rather U-shaped over the life cycle. Worker heterogeneity in the context of undirected search implies an intergenerational externality, which is not eliminated by the Hosios condition. We show that age-specific policies are required to attain the first-best allocation

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud Chéron & Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2013. "Life Cycle Equilibrium Unemployment," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00759471, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00759471
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00759471
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jung, Philip & Kuhn, Moritz, 2012. "Earnings losses and labor mobility over the life-cycle," MPRA Paper 40287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. de la Croix, David & Pierrard, Olivier & Sneessens, Henri R., 2013. "Aging and pensions in general equilibrium: Labor market imperfections matter," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 104-124.
    3. Etienne Lale, 2019. "Labor-market Frictions, Incomplete Insurance and Severance Payments," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 31, pages 411-435, January.
    4. Guido Menzio & Irina Telyukova & Ludo Visschers, 2016. "Directed Search over the Life Cycle," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 19, pages 38-62, January.
    5. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, Francois & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2019. "Unemployment fluctuations over the life cycle," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 334-352.
    6. repec:eee:labeco:v:50:y:2018:i:c:p:32-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Zylberberg, André, 2015. "Equilibrium unemployment and retirement," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 37-58.
    8. Sekyu Choi & Alexandre Janiak & Benjamín Villena‐Roldán, 2015. "Unemployment, Participation and Worker Flows Over the Life‐Cycle," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(589), pages 1705-1733, December.
    9. Chéron, Arnaud & Rouland, Bénédicte, 2011. "Endogenous job destructions and the distribution of wages," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 845-852.
    10. FUJITA Shigeru & FUJIWARA Ippei, 2015. "Declining Trends in the Real Interest Rate and Inflation: Role of aging," Discussion papers 15140, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    11. Acedański, Jan, 2016. "Youth unemployment and welfare gains from eliminating business cycles — The case of Poland," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 248-262.
    12. Anna Batyra & David de la Croix & Olivier Pierrard & Henri Sneessens, 2016. "Structural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in Europe," CREA Discussion Paper Series 16-13, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    13. de la Croix, David & Pierrard, Olivier & Sneessens, Henri R., 2013. "Aging and pensions in general equilibrium: Labor market imperfections matter," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 104-124.
    14. Bruno Decreuse & Guillaume Wilemme, 2019. "Age Discontinuity and Nonemployment Benefit Policy Evaluation through the Lens of Job Search Theory," Working Papers halshs-02072800, HAL.
    15. Julen ESTEBAN-PRETEL & FUJIMOTO Junichi, 2011. "Life-Cycle Search, Match Quality and Japan's Labor Flow," Discussion papers 11041, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    16. Marotzke, Petra, 2013. "Job Search and the Age-Inequality Profile," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 80007, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    17. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2014. "Why is Old Workers' Labor Market More Volatile? Unemployment Fluctuations over the Life-Cycle," IZA Discussion Papers 8076, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    18. Julien Albertini & Anthony Terriau, 2018. "Informality over the life-cycle," Working Papers halshs-01957491, HAL.
    19. repec:agr:journl:v:2(615):y:2018:i:2(615):p:105-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Fujimoto, Junichi, 2013. "A note on the life-cycle search and matching model with segmented labor markets," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(1), pages 48-52.
    21. Etienne Lalé, 2018. "Turbulence and the employment experience of older workers," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 9(2), pages 735-784, July.
    22. Kerndler, Martin, 2016. "Contracting frictions and inefficient layoffs of older workers," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145711, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    23. Anne BUCHER, 2011. "Youth Labor Market Outcomes: A Model with Learning on Match Quality," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011027, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    24. Esteban-Pretel, Julen & Fujimoto, Junichi, 2012. "Life-cycle search, match quality and Japan’s labor market," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 326-350.
    25. Bi, Sheng & Langot, François, 2014. "Search and Retirement under Asymmetric Information," IZA Discussion Papers 8288, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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