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Global Demographic Trends

In: Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging

Author

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  • Attanasio, O.
  • Bonfatti, A.
  • Kitao, S.
  • Weber, G.

Abstract

In this chapter we review the recent literature on the effects of changing global demographic trends on consumption, factor prices and social security. We also construct an overlapping generation model with four regions of the world. The model is calibrated so that we match some basic statistics of the last few decades. We assume that the model was in a steady state in 1990, input projected demographic trends, which converge to common values across regions by 2200, and make suitable assumptions on productivity profiles and total factor productivity. This allows us to study the evolution of factor prices, current accounts, and welfare during the transition and explore the differences between open and closed economies, when we limit factor mobility to capital mobility and make different assumptions about future trends in demographics and productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Attanasio, O. & Bonfatti, A. & Kitao, S. & Weber, G., 2016. "Global Demographic Trends," Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, in: Piggott, John & Woodland, Alan (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 0, pages 179-235, Elsevier.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:hapoch:v1_179
    DOI: 10.1016/bs.hespa.2016.09.006
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    Keywords

    Capital flows; Demographic trends; Overlapping generations model; Social security reform; China; E21; F21; F41; J11;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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