A State Space Approach to Estimating the Integrated Variance and Microstructure Noise Component
We call the realized variance (RV) calculated with observed prices contaminated by microstructure noises (MNs) the noise-contaminated RV (NCRV) and refer to the component in the NCRV associated with the MNs as the MN component. This paper develops a method for estimating the integrated variance (IV) and MN component simultaneously, extending the state space method proposed by Barndorff-Nielsen and Shephard (2002). Our extension is based on the result obtained in Meddahi (2003), namely, when the true log-price process follows a general class of continuous-time stochastic volatility (SV) models, the IV follows an ARMA process. We represent the NCRV by a state space form and show that the state space form parameters are not identifiable; however, they can be expressed as functions of fewer identifiable parameters. We illustrate how to estimate these parameters. The proposed method is applied to yen/dollar exchange rate data. We find that the magnitude of the MN component is, on average, about 21%-48 % of the NCRV, depending on the sampling frequency.
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- Meddahi, N., 2001.
"An Eigenfunction Approach for Volatility Modeling,"
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2001-29, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Hansen, Peter R. & Lunde, Asger, 2006. "Realized Variance and Market Microstructure Noise," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 24, pages 127-161, April.
- Nelson, Daniel B., 1990. "ARCH models as diffusion approximations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1-2), pages 7-38.
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