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Tax Reforms and Labour-market Performance: An Evaluation for Spain using REMS

  • Jose Emilio Boscá

    (University of Valencia)

  • Rafael Domenech

    (University of Valencia)

  • Javier Ferri

    (University of Valencia)

This paper uses REMS, a Rational Expectations Model of the Spanish economy designed by Boscá et al (2007), to analyse the effects of lowering the overall tax wedge to the level prevailing in the US. Our results partially confirm previous findings in the literature: a reduction in the overall tax wedge of 19.5 points, in order to reach the US levels, has a positive effect in the long run, increasing total hours by about 7 per cent and GDP by about 8 percentage points. In terms of GDP per adult, these results account for 1/4 of the gap with respect to the US, but imply a reduction of only one percentage point in the labour productivity gap. The rise in total hours per adult is explained by a similar increase in both hours per employee and the employment rate of about 3.5 percentage points, allowing hours per adult to converge to levels only slightly lower than those in the US.

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File URL: http://iei.uv.es/docs/wp_internos/RePEc/pdf/iei_0804.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Paper provided by International Economics Institute, University of Valencia in its series Working Papers with number 0804.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iei:wpaper:0804
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