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Efectos de una sustitución de impuestos sobre el trabajo por impuestos sobre el capital: el caso de España

  • Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba

    (Universidad de Salamanca)

  • Ramón J. Torregrosa

    (Universidad de Salamanca)

La participación de las rentas del trabajo en los ingresos fiscales en España es superior a la participación de las rentas laborales en la renta nacional. Dado que la participación de las rentas laborales en la renta nacional es constante, la única manera de aproximar estas participaciones es a través de una reforma fiscal en la que el tipo efectivo sobre las rentas laborales sea menor. El principal postulado de este artículo es que no es posible diseñar una política de sustitución de impuestos que consiga disminuir los impuestos sobre las rentas del trabajo y compensar esta disminución con un incremento de los impuestos sobre las rentas del capital que tenga la propiedad de mantener el ingreso fiscal y la producción constantes.

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Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública.

Volume (Year): 175 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (december)
Pages: 9-23

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2005:v:175:i:4:p:9-23
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  1. Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J., 1999. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 26, pages 1671-1745 Elsevier.
  2. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
  3. Timothy J. Kehoe & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Great Depressions of the Twentieth Century," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-18, January.
  4. Jaime Alonso-Carrera & Baltasar Manzano, 2003. "Análisis dinámico del coste de bienestar del sistema impositivo español. Una exploración cuantitativa," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 167(4), pages 9-31, December.
  5. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-22, May.
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