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Age at migration and social integration

  • Åslund, Olof

    ()

    (IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

  • Böhlmark, Anders

    ()

    (Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University)

  • Nordström Skans, Oskar

    ()

    (IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

The paper studies childhood migrants and examines how age at migration affects their ensuing integration at the residential market, the labor market, and the marriage market. We use population-wide Swedish data and compare outcomes as adults among siblings arriving at different ages in order to ensure that the results can be given a causal inter-pretation. The results show that the children who arrived at a higher age had substan-tially lower shares of natives among their neighbors, coworkers and spouses as adults. The effects are mostly driven by higher exposure to immigrants of similar ethnic origin, in particular at the marriage market. There are also non-trivial effects on employment, but a more limited impact on education and wages. We also analyze children of migrants and show that parents’ time in the host country before child birth matters, which implies that the outcomes of the social integra¬tion process are inherited. Inherited integration has a particularly strong impact on the marriage patterns of females.

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File URL: http://www.ifau.se/upload/pdf/se/2009/wp09-21.pdf
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Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2009:21.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 24 Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as Åslund, Olof, Anders Böhlmark and Oskar Nordström Skans, 'Childhood and family experiences and the social integration of young migrants' in Labour Economics, 2015, pages 135-144.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2009_021
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IFAU, P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

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