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Cross-Country Performance in Social Integration of Older Migrants. A European Perspective

  • Caroline Berchet

    ()

    (IRDES institut for research and information in health economics)

  • Nicolas Sirven

    ()

    (IRDES institut for research and information in health economics)

This paper provides new empirical evidence on the relationship between migration and social integration. It explores the hypothesis that migrants essentially differ from non-migrants with regard to the length of residence in the country – which is a proxy of migrants’ social distance to natives. The determinants of social participation and interpersonal trust are examined at both the individual and institutional level. Using SHARE data and macroeconomic series, we first analyse the influence of immigrant length of stay in the host country on social integration indicators. We then examine the role institutional characteristics play on cross-country differences in speed of social integration (i.e. immigrants’ propensity to social participation according to their length of stay in the host country). As expected, the immigrant population presents a lower likelihood than the native population to get involved in social activities and to trust other people. Nevertheless, the more immigrants have spent time in the host country, the more they take part in social activities. The analysis also reveals significant cross-country differences in immigrants’ speed of social integration. Macroeconomic series like the GINI coefficient of income inequality and the Corruption perceived index could explain these differences. From a public policy perspective, our results suggest that immigrants’ social integration is more rapidly achieved in “fair” countries – i.e. those with a more favourable social environment – where the levels of income inequality and perceived corruption are lower.

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File URL: http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceAnglais/Publications/WorkingPapers/DT46CrossCountryPerformanceIntegrationOlderMigrants.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Paper provided by IRDES institut for research and information in health economics in its series Working Papers with number DT46.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision: Mar 2012
Handle: RePEc:irh:wpaper:dt46
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  11. Aslund, Olof & Böhlmark, Anders & Nordström Skans, Oskar, 2009. "Age at Migration and Social Integration," IZA Discussion Papers 4263, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  13. Mohamed Ali Ben Halima & Thierry Debrand, 2011. "Durée d’arrêt de travail, salaire et Assurance maladie : application microéconométrique à partir de la base Hygie," Working Papers DT42, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Sep 2011.
  14. Emmanuelle Cambois & Florence Jusot, 2010. "Monitoring Health Inequalities in France: A Short Tool for Routine Health SUrvey to Account for LifeLong Adverse Experiences," Working Papers DT30, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Mar 2010.
  15. Edward L. Glaeser & David Laibson & Bruce Sacerdote, 2002. "An Economic Approach to Social Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 437-458, November.
  16. Eloi Laurent, 2009. "Peut-on se fier à la confiance ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
  17. Rupasingha, Anil & Goetz, Stephan J. & Freshwater, David, 2006. "The production of social capital in US counties," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 83-101, February.
  18. Sen, Amartya, 2000. "Social justice and the distribution of income," Handbook of Income Distribution, in: A.B. Atkinson & F. Bourguignon (ed.), Handbook of Income Distribution, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 59-85 Elsevier.
  19. Algan, Yann & Cahuc, Pierre, 2007. "La société de défiance : comment le modèle social français s'autodétruit ?," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 09.
  20. Aleksynska, Mariya, 2011. "Civic participation of immigrants in Europe: Assimilation, origin, and destination country effects," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 566-585, September.
  21. Peter Dinesen, 2011. "A Note on the Measurement of Generalized Trust of Immigrants and Natives," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 103(1), pages 169-177, August.
  22. Catherine Pollak, 2012. "Employed and Happy despite Weak Health? Labour Market Participation and Job Quality of Older Workers with Disabilities," Working Papers DT45, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Mar 2012.
  23. Clément Nestrigue & Zeynep Or, 2012. "Estimation du surcoût des événements indésirables associés aux soins à l'hôpital en France," Working Papers DT44, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Feb 2012.
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