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Gender differences in tournament and flat-wage schemes: An experimental study

Listed author(s):
  • David Masclet

    ()

    (CIRANO - Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations - UQAM - Université du Québec à Montréal , CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - UNICAEN - Université Caen Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Emmanuel Peterle

    ()

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - UNICAEN - Université Caen Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sophie Larribeau

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - UNICAEN - Université Caen Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

We present a new experiment that explores gender differences in both performance and compensation choices. While most of the previous studies have focused on tournament vs. piece-rate schemes, the originality of our study consists in examining the gender gap in the context of a flat wage scheme. Our data indicate that females exert a significantly higher effort than men in fixed payment schemes. We find however no gender difference in performance under the tournament scheme, due to a combination of two effects. On the one hand, men more significantly increase their effort when switching from a flat wage to a tournament scheme. On the other hand, when switching from the flat wage to a tournament scheme, women have less margin to increase performance since their effort was already relatively high with a flat wage. We also find that females are more likely than males to choose a flat-wage scheme than a tournament. This gap however narrows dramatically when feedback on previous experience is provided.

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File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01105414/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-01105414.

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Date of creation: 2015
Publication status: Published in Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, 2015, 47, pp.103-115. <10.1016/j.joep.2015.01.003>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01105414
DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2015.01.003
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01105414
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