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Gender Differences in Competitive Positions: Experimental Evidence on Job Promotion

Author

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  • Emmanuel Peterle

    (CRESE - Centre de REcherches sur les Stratégies Economiques (EA 3190) - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE] - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté, LCE - Laboratoire Chrono-environnement - UFC (UMR 6249) - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté)

  • Holger Rau

    (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender differences in access to competitive positions. We implement an experiment where workers can apply for a job promotion by sending a signal to their employer. We control for gender differences in anticipation of discrimination in a treatment where a computer randomly recruits. Discriminatory behavior by the employer is isolated in a treatment where workers cannot send signals. We find that gender disparity among promoted workers is highest when workers can apply for promotion and employers recruit. Strikingly, the gender composition in competitive position is balanced in the absence of a signaling institution. When signaling is possible, we observe that female workers who do not request a promotion are discriminated against.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Peterle & Holger Rau, 2017. "Gender Differences in Competitive Positions: Experimental Evidence on Job Promotion," Working Papers hal-01451382, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01451382
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01451382
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real Effort; Discrimination; Gender Differences; Experiment;

    JEL classification:

    • C9 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General

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