Overrepresentation of women in public and nonprofit sector jobs: Evidence from a French national survey
Women are overrepresented in the public and nonprofit sectors. This article aims to bring to light the reasons behind this phenomenon. The originality of the employer-employee matched data used allows us to consider a large scope of potential reasons. Using a non-linear decomposition technique (Fairlie, 2005), we find that in addition to the well-known occupational segregation effect, the overrepresentation of women in the public and nonprofit sectors is associated with two common factors: greater offerings of family-friendly practices and higher attraction of men for certain fringe benefits that are more frequently provided by the for-profit sector. Sector-specific factors also exist. The higher wage advantage obtained by women compared with men working in the public sector rather than in the for-profit sector contributes to the feminization of the public sector. Similarly, the overrepresentation of women in the nonprofit sector is linked to greater access to part-time jobs and shorter workweeks there.
|Date of creation:||2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, SAGE Publications, 2013, 28 p. <10.1177/0899764013502579>|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00872954|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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