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Gender Differences in Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Competitive Behavior

Listed author(s):
  • Carpenter, Jeffrey P.

    ()

    (Middlebury College)

  • Frank, Rachel

    (Yale Law School)

  • Huet-Vaughn, Emiliano

    (Middlebury College)

Gender differences in competitive behavior have been well documented by economists and other social scientists; however, the bulk of the research addresses competition with others and excludes other economically relevant competition that may contribute to the gender pay gap. In this paper, we ask: How does gender affect how individuals react to competition against themselves? In a laboratory experiment in which some subjects compete against others and some compete against themselves, we find women select into intrapersonal competition at significantly higher rates than interpersonal competition, the first such findings. We find perseverance or "grit" to be a poor predictor of interpersonal competition selection, but find familial effects such as parent's education and number of brothers to be correlated with competition selection.

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File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp10626.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 10626.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2017
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10626
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  1. Curtis R. Price & Roman M. Sheremeta, 2015. "Endowment Origin, Demographic Effects, and Individual Preferences in Contests," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 597-619, 09.
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  6. Blau, Francine D. & Kahn, Lawrence M., 2016. "The Gender Wage Gap: Extent, Trends, and Explanations," IZA Discussion Papers 9656, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  9. Olga Shurchkov, 2012. "Under Pressure: Gender Differences In Output Quality And Quantity Under Competition And Time Constraints," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 10(5), pages 1189-1213, October.
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  11. Clément Bosquet & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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  17. repec:esx:essedp:672 is not listed on IDEAS
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