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Ressources naturelles et guerres civiles au Moyen-Orient

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  • Mahdi FAWAZ

Abstract

Les travaux consacrés à l’effet des ressources naturelles sur les guerres civiles montrent généralement l’existence d’une relation positive entre ces deux variables. Ces études sont pour la plupart centrées sur la région de l’Afrique. Le rôle des ressources naturelles dans les guerres civiles au Moyen-Orient a été peu étudié. Or, cette région occupe le rôle de premier producteur de pétrole au Monde. Dans cet article, nous nous intéressons au déclenchement de guerre civile. Nous montrons que les ressources naturelles exercent un effet négatif sur le déclenchement de guerre civile au Moyen-Orient. L’importante manne financière générée par les États rentiers permet d’investir dans la capacité militaire et « forcer » ainsi la paix.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahdi FAWAZ, 2020. "Ressources naturelles et guerres civiles au Moyen-Orient," Bordeaux Economics Working Papers 2020-09, Bordeaux School of Economics (BSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:bdxewp:2020-09
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    File URL: http://bordeauxeconomicswp.u-bordeaux.fr/2020/2020-09.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Guerres civiles; ressources naturelles; coûts d'opportunités du conflit; Moyen-Orient;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
    • Q35 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Hydrocarbon Resources

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