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US Economic Sanctions: Their Impact on Trade, Jobs, and Wages

  • Gary Clyde Hufbauer


    (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

  • Kimberly Ann Elliott


    (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

  • Tess Cyrus

    (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

  • Elizabeth Winston

    (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

Economic sanctions have resurfaced at the center of public policy debate. After a brief lull following the politically disastrous grain embargo and pipeline sanctions in the early 1980s, sanctions are once again the weapon of choice to enforce a myriad of US foreign policy goals, from countering terrorism to battling drug trafficking. A recent National Association of Manufacturers (1997) study lists over 30 countries hit by new US sanctions during the period 1993-1996. Many of these actions were unilateral, reducing their impact in an increasingly globalized economy that has many alternative suppliers and markets. High-publicity initiatives, such as the Helms-Burton Act and the Iran/Libya Sanctions Act, which threaten to punish third-country corporations that conduct business in Cuba, Iran, and Libya, also raise the possibility that frustrated OECD governments (such as Canada and France) will retaliate against US companies.

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Paper provided by Peterson Institute for International Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number Working Paper Special (2).

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Date of creation: Apr 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iie:wpaper:wpsp-2
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