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L'effet conditionnel des ressources naturelles sur les institutions

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  • Mathieu Couttenier

Abstract

We show empirically that natural resources do not always deteriorate the institutional quality in a country. Countries with a parliamentary systems are not affected by natural resources abundance. However, presidential systems undergo a nonlinear effect (inverse U -shaped) of natural resources on institutions. For small amounts of natural resources rents, institutions provide sufficient incentives to prevent the establishment of institutions of poor quality oriented to the extration of the rents. However, if institutions do not provide sufficient incentives, we observe an institutional quality deterioration. This effect appears only in pre sidential systems. The results still hold if we consider only a sample of democratic countries. Classification JEL : Q32, O43, O10, F10

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Couttenier, 2012. "L'effet conditionnel des ressources naturelles sur les institutions," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 63(1), pages 27-49.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_631_0027
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General

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