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The Geography of Inter-State Resource Wars

  • Francesco Caselli

    ()

    (London School of Economics, BREAD, CEP, CEPR, and NBER)

  • Massimo Morelli

    ()

    (Columbia University)

  • Dominic Rohner

    ()

    (University of Lausanne)

We establish a theoretical as well as empirical framework to assess the role of resource endowments and their geographic location for inter-State conflict. The main predictions of the theory are that conflict tends to be more likely when at least one country has natural resources; when the resources in the resource-endowed country are closer to the border; and, in the case where both countries have natural resources, when the resources are located asymmetrically vis-a-vis the border. We test these predictions on a novel dataset featuring oilfield distances from bilateral borders. The empirical analysis shows that the presence and location of oil are significant and quantitatively important predictors of inter-State conflicts after WW2.

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Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 146.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:146
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.hicn.org

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