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Interconnectedness in the Interbank Market

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Abstract

We study the behavior of the interbank market before, during and after the 2008 financial crisis. Leveraging recent advances in network analysis, we study two network structures, a correlation network based on publicly traded bank returns, and a physical network based on interbank lending transactions. While the two networks behave similarly pre-crisis, during the crisis the correlation network shows an increase in interconnectedness while the physical network highlights a marked decrease in interconnectedness. Moreover, these networks respond differently to monetary and macroeconomic shocks. Physical networks forecast liquidity problems while correlation networks forecast financial crises.

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  • Celso Brunetti & Jeffrey H. Harris & Shawn Mankad & George Michailidis, 2015. "Interconnectedness in the Interbank Market," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-90, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2015-90
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2015.090
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    5. Carlos León & Geun-Young Kim & Constanza Martínez & Daeyup Lee, 2017. "Equity markets’ clustering and the global financial crisis," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(12), pages 1905-1922, December.
    6. Flood, Mark D. & Lemieux, Victoria L. & Varga, Margaret & William Wong, B.L., 2016. "The application of visual analytics to financial stability monitoring," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 180-197.
    7. Bertrand Candelon & Laurent Ferrara & Marc Joëts, 2016. "Global Financial Interconnectedness: A nonlinear Assessment of the Uncertainty Channel," Post-Print hal-01667093, HAL.
    8. Girardi, Giulio & Hanley, Kathleen Weiss & Nikolova, Stanislava & Pelizzon, Loriana & Getmansky, Mila, 2018. "Portfolio similarity and asset liquidation in the insurance industry," SAFE Working Paper Series 224, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    9. Giovanni Calice & Carlo Sala & Daniele Tantari, 2020. "Contingent Convertible Bonds in Financial Networks," Papers 2009.00062, arXiv.org.
    10. Bertrand Candelon & Laurent Ferrara & Marc Joëts, 2016. "Global Financial Interconnectedness: A nonlinear Assessment of the Uncertainty Channel," Post-Print hal-01667097, HAL.
    11. Brida, Juan Gabriel & Gómez, David Matesanz & Seijas, Maria Nela, 2017. "Debt and growth: A non-parametric approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 486(C), pages 883-894.
    12. Gong, Xiao-Li & Liu, Xi-Hua & Xiong, Xiong & Zhang, Wei, 2020. "Research on China's financial systemic risk contagion under jump and heavy-tailed risk," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    13. Bertrand Candelon & Laurent Ferrara & Marc Joëts, 2016. "Global Financial Interconnectedness: A nonlinear Assessment of the Uncertainty Channel," Post-Print hal-01667093, HAL.
    14. Bertrand Candelon & Laurent Ferrara & Marc Joëts, 2016. "Global Financial Interconnectedness: A nonlinear Assessment of the Uncertainty Channel," Post-Print hal-01667093, HAL.
    15. Nicolò Pecora & Pablo Rovira Kaltwasser & Alessandro Spelta, 2016. "Discovering SIFIs in Interbank Communities," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(12), pages 1-17, December.
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    17. Bongini, Paola & Clemente, Gian Paolo & Grassi, Rosanna, 2018. "Interconnectedness, G-SIBs and network dynamics of global banking," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 185-192.
    18. Qiu, Lu & Yang, Huijie, 2020. "Transfer entropy calculation for short time sequences with application to stock markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 559(C).
    19. Gupta, Aparna & Wang, Runzu & Lu, Yueliang, 2021. "Addressing systemic risk using contingent convertible debt – A network analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 290(1), pages 263-277.
    20. Deev, Oleg & Lyócsa, Štefan, 2020. "Connectedness of financial institutions in Europe: A network approach across quantiles," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 550(C).
    21. Boeckelmann Lukas & Stalla-Bourdillon Arthur, 2021. "Structural Estimation of Time-Varying Spillovers: An Application to International Credit Risk Transmission," Working papers 798, Banque de France.
    22. Foglia, Matteo & Angelini, Eliana, 2020. "From me to you: Measuring connectedness between Eurozone financial institutions," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    23. Anastasios Demertzidis, 2019. "Interbank transactions on the intraday frequency: -Different market states and the effects of the financial crisis-," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201932, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    24. Ardekani, Aref Mahdavi & Distinguin, Isabelle & Tarazi, Amine, 2020. "Do banks change their liquidity ratios based on network characteristics?," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 285(2), pages 789-803.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interconnectedness; correlation network; financial crisis; interbank market; physical network;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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