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Performance of foreign banks in developing countries: evidence from sub-Saharan African banking markets

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  • Pelletier, Adeline

Abstract

Do foreign banks perform better than domestic banks in host developing economies? Relying on financial statements and survey data I compare the performance of three different categories of foreign banks to the group of domestic banks in sub-Saharan Africa: global banks from developed countries, regional African banks and banks from non-African emerging economies. While emerging-market banks and global banks consistently outperform domestic banks, the difference is not significant for regional African banks. The higher performance of global banks and emerging-market banks is related to higher operational efficiency and lower cost of funding, while there is no strong evidence of segmentation by business segment in the loans market. Regional African banks, which started their foreign expansion more recently, are less able to generate interest income compared to domestic banks. These findings highlight the importance of taking into account foreign banks’ heterogeneity when assessing the impact of financial FDI on the host economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Pelletier, Adeline, 2018. "Performance of foreign banks in developing countries: evidence from sub-Saharan African banking markets," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86368, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:86368
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    Cited by:

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    3. Bonizzi, Bruno & Kaltenbrunner, Annina & Powell, Jeffrey, 2019. "Subordinate financialization in emerging capitalist economies," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 23044, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
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    6. Bak Barnaba Chol & Elizabeth Kalunda Nthambi & Joseph N Kamau, 2019. "Ownership structure, bank stability and the financial performance of commercial banks in South Sudan," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 8(6), pages 31-39, October.
    7. Zins, Alexandra & Weill, Laurent, 2018. "Do Pan-African banks have the best of both worlds?," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 665-681.
    8. Kanga, Désiré & Murinde, Victor & Soumaré, Issouf, 2020. "Capital, risk and profitability of WAEMU banks: Does bank ownership matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).
    9. Chan, Sok-Gee & Aktan, Bora & Burton, Bruce & Koh, Eric H.Y., 2021. "The impact of soft information and institutional quality on foreign bank efficiency – Evidence from ASEAN-5 countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 23-32.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign direct investment; international banking; performance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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