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Globalization, trade imbalances and labor market adjustment

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  • Dix-Carneiro, Rafael
  • Pessoa, João Paulo
  • Reyes-Heroles, Ricardo
  • Traiberman, Sharon

Abstract

We study the role of global trade imbalances in shaping the adjustment dynamics in response to trade shocks. We build and estimate a general equilibrium, multi-country, multi-sector model of trade with two key ingredients: (a) Consumption-saving decisions in each country commanded by representative households, leading to endogenous trade imbalances; (b) labor market frictions across and within sectors, leading to unemployment dynamics and sluggish transitions to shocks. We use the estimated model to study the behavior of labor markets in response to globalization shocks, including shocks to technology, trade costs, and inter-temporal preferences (savings gluts). We find that modeling trade imbalances changes both qualitatively and quantitatively the short- and long-run implications of globalization shocks for labor reallocation and unemployment dynamics. In a series of empirical applications, we study the labor market effects of shocks accrued to the global economy, their implications for the gains from trade, and we revisit the “China Shock” through the lens of our model. We show that the US enjoys a 2.2% gain in response to globalization shocks. These gains would have been 73% larger in the absence of the global savings glut, but they would have been 40% smaller in a balanced-trade world.

Suggested Citation

  • Dix-Carneiro, Rafael & Pessoa, João Paulo & Reyes-Heroles, Ricardo & Traiberman, Sharon, 2021. "Globalization, trade imbalances and labor market adjustment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 114424, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:114424
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Globalization, Trade Imbalances, and Labor Market Adjustment
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2021-04-05 21:16:45

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    Cited by:

    1. Andres Rodriguez-Clare & Mauricio Ulate & Jose P. Vasquez, 2020. "New-Keynesian Trade: Understanding the Employment and Welfare Effects of Trade Shocks," Working Papers 265, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    2. Swati Dhingra & Rebecca Freeman & Hanwei Huang, 2023. "The Impact of Non‐tariff Barriers on Trade and Welfare," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 90(357), pages 140-177, January.
    3. Dix-Carneiro, Rafael & Kovak, Brian K., 2023. "Globalization and Inequality in Latin America," IZA Discussion Papers 16363, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Rafael Dix-Carneiro, 2019. "Trade and Informality in the Presence of Labor Market Frictions and Regulations," 2019 Meeting Papers 144, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Dias, Lucas Cardoso Corrêa & Cícero, Vinicius Curti, 2024. "Donkey business: trade, resource exploitation, crime and violence in a contestable market," OSF Preprints qreum, Center for Open Science.
    6. David Autor & David Dorn & Gordon Hanson, 2021. "On the Persistence of the China Shock," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 52(2 (Fall)), pages 381-476.
    7. Stephen J. Redding, 2020. "Trade and Geography," NBER Working Papers 27821, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Dorn, David & Levell, Peter, 2021. "Trade and Inequality in Europe and the US," CEPR Discussion Papers 16780, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Povilas Lastauskas & Mariarosaria Comunale & Justas Dainauskas, 2021. "What Explains Excess Trade Persistence? A Theory of Habits in the Supply Chains," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 85, Bank of Lithuania.
    10. Caliendo, Lorenzo, 2023. "A comment on: Globalization, trade imbalances and inequality," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 73-76.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    global trade imbalances; labor market disruption;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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