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O brother, where start thou? Sibling spillovers on college and major choice in four countries

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  • Altmejd, Adam
  • Barrios-Fernandez, Andres
  • Drlje, Marin
  • Goodman, Joshua
  • Hurwitz, Michael
  • Kovac, Dejan
  • Mulhern, Christine
  • Neilson, Christopher
  • Smith, Jonathan

Abstract

Family and social networks are widely believed to influence important life decisions but identifying their causal effects is notoriously difficult. Using admissions thresholds that directly affect older but not younger siblings’ college options, we present evidence from the United States, Chile, Sweden and Croatia that older siblings’ college and major choices can significantly influence their younger siblings’ college and major choices. On the extensive margin, an older sibling’s enrollment in a better college increases a younger sibling’s probability of enrolling in college at all, especially for families with low predicted probabilities of enrollment. On the intensive margin, an older sibling’s choice of college or major increases the probability that a younger sibling applies to and enrolls in that same college or major. Spillovers in major choice are stronger when older siblings enroll and succeed in more selective and higher-earning majors. The observed spillovers are not well-explained by price, income, proximity or legacy effects, but are most consistent with older siblings transmitting otherwise unavailable information about the college experience and its potential returns. The importance of such personally salient information may partly explain persistent differences in college-going rates by geography, income, and other determinants of social networks.

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  • Altmejd, Adam & Barrios-Fernandez, Andres & Drlje, Marin & Goodman, Joshua & Hurwitz, Michael & Kovac, Dejan & Mulhern, Christine & Neilson, Christopher & Smith, Jonathan, 2020. "O brother, where start thou? Sibling spillovers on college and major choice in four countries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 108440, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:108440
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    9. Schnorr, Geoffrey & Lee, Eunju, 2021. "Am I My Brother's Barkeeper? Sibling Spillovers in Alcohol Consumption at the Minimum Legal Drinking Age," SocArXiv qntxh, Center for Open Science.
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    11. Bautista, M. A. & Gonzalez, F & Martinez, L. R & Muñoz, P & Prem, M, 2022. "The Intergenerational Transmission of College: Evidence from the 1973 Coup in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 20503, Universidad del Rosario.
    12. Aguirre, Josefa & Matta, Juan, 2021. "Walking in your footsteps: Sibling spillovers in higher education choices," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
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    16. Simon Gleyze & Philippe Jehiel, 2023. "Expectation Formation, Local Sampling and Belief Traps: A new Perspective on Education Choices," Working Papers halshs-04154324, HAL.
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    23. Wennberg, Karl & Norgren, Axel, 2021. "Models of Peer Effects in Education," Working Papers 21/3, Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Educational Leadership and Excellence.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sibling effects; college and major choice; peer and social network effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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