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Financial Conditions, Local Competition, and Local Market Leaders: The Case of Real Estate Developers

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  • Ying Fan
  • Charles Ka Yui Leung
  • Zan Yang

Abstract

This paper studies whether (and how) corporate decisions are affected by internal factors (such as the financial conditions of own company) and external factors (such as the actions of local competitors) in an imperfectly competitive environment. We study the listed real estate developers in Beijing as a case study. Our hand-collected dataset includes transaction-level information booked indicators (such as profitability, liability, and liquidity) and un-booked financial indicators (political connections). Our multi-step empirical model shows that both the firm's financial conditions and her competitors' counterparts are essential but play different roles in the output design, pricing, and the time-on-the-market (TOM). Internal versus external factors' relative importance relates to the degrees of market concentration in a nonlinear manner. Local market leaders' existence alters the small firms' strategy and leads to higher selling prices and slower selling pace in the local market. Our findings survive various robust checks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ying Fan & Charles Ka Yui Leung & Zan Yang, 2021. "Financial Conditions, Local Competition, and Local Market Leaders: The Case of Real Estate Developers," ISER Discussion Paper 1130, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  • Handle: RePEc:dpr:wpaper:1130
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    Cited by:

    1. Ying Fan & Charles Ka Yui Leung & Zan Yang, 2022. "Financial conditions, local competition, and local market leaders: The case of real estate developers," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(2), pages 131-193, May.
    2. Fan, Ying, 2022. "Demand shocks and price stickiness in housing market dynamics," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 110(C).
    3. Charles Ka Yui LEUNG, 2022. "Housing and Macroeconomics," ISER Discussion Paper 1197, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    4. Charles Ka Yui Leung & Kwok Ping Tsang, 2023. "A special issue on housing affordability: An introduction," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 41(1), pages 7-8, January.

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    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General

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