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Factors determining capital structure and corporate performance in India: Studying the business cycle effects

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  • Bandyopadhyay, Arindam
  • Barua, Nandita Malini

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the linkage of corporate sector performance with the capital structure and macroeconomic environment. Using a balanced panel data of 1594 Indian corporate firms over 14 years (1998 to 2011), we find empirical evidence to support the hypotheses relating to the relevance of asymmetric information, agency cost, trade off theory, signaling and liquidity aspects in determining firm's capital structure decisions in emerging market economy. It is found that macro economic cycle significantly influences corporate financing decisions and hence performance. The endogeneity between capital structure and corporate performance has also been resolved through a two step dynamic panel generalized method of moments (GMM). The study suggests that the performance of any company hinges around its ability to operate on a capital structure. With the widening of scope of sourcing of capital, the right blend of instruments needs to be meticulously worked out to optimize cost of capital.

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  • Bandyopadhyay, Arindam & Barua, Nandita Malini, 2016. "Factors determining capital structure and corporate performance in India: Studying the business cycle effects," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 160-172.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:61:y:2016:i:c:p:160-172
    DOI: 10.1016/j.qref.2016.01.004
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    1. repec:eee:riibaf:v:44:y:2018:i:c:p:297-308 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital structure; Corporate performance; Business cycle;

    JEL classification:

    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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