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Cultural Leaders and the Clash of Civilizations

  • Esther Hauk
  • Hannes Mueller

This article builds a micro founded model of the clash of cultures. The clash is defined as the parents fear of a trait change by their child in an overlapping generations model with intergenerational transmission of cultural traits. The extent of the clash is manipulated by cultural leaders who benefit from the cultural education eort by parents. We identify three channels through which the leaders can affect the clash of cultures: (i) by providing benecial cultural values, (ii) by claims of cultural superiority and (iii) by cultural alienation, i.e. by inducing cultural dislike towards their own group. We show that all three channels can be in the leaders interest but channels (ii) and (iii) reduce the utility of the leaders goup members. This hints to a strong conict of interest within groups - between the population at large and the benefactors of radicalization. We further show how the use of alienation relates to the economic opportunities available to a group.

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Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 481.

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Date of creation: Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:481
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  1. Felix J. J. Vardy & John Morgan, 2006. "Diversity in the Workplace," IMF Working Papers 06/237, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-33, April.
  3. Claude Berrebi, 2003. "Evidence About the Link Between Education, Poverty and Terrorism Among Palestinians," Working Papers 856, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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  5. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162.
  6. Alberto Bisin & Giorgio Topa & Thierry Verdier, 2009. "Cultural transmission, socialization and the population dynamics of multiple-trait distributions," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 5(1), pages 139-154.
  7. Sasaki, Masaru, 1999. "An Equilibrium Search Model with Coworker Discrimination," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(2), pages 377-407, April.
  8. Rosen, Asa, 1997. "An equilibrium search-matching model of discrimination," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(8), pages 1589-1613, August.
  9. Claude Berrebi & Esteban F. Klor, 2008. "Are Voters Sensitive to Terrorism?: Direct Evidence from the Israeli Electorate," Working Papers 477-1, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  10. repec:fth:iniesr:564 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Dennis J. Aigner & Glen G. Cain, 1977. "Statistical theories of discrimination in labor markets," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(2), pages 175-187, January.
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