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Gender Salary Differences in Economics Departments in Japan

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Abstract

By using unique data about academic economists in Japanese universities, we conduct the first detailed study of gender salary differences within Japanese academia. Despite the common belief among Japanese academics that there cannot be a gender salary gap within the Japanese academia, our empirical results show that female academic economists earn 7% less than comparable males, after controlling for rank and detailed personal, job, institutional and human capital characteristics. The coefficient for the female dummy has almost the same value, regardless of whether rank is included or excluded from the salary equation, suggesting that there is a significant gender salary gap within each rank, but there are no gender differences in rank attainment. Our results contrast with findings from previous studies in the US and in the UK where most of the gender salary differences stem from rank attainment differences. We provide possible explanations for why our results are different. Refereed articles, the most commonly accepted measures of productivity, have no statistically significant effect on salary. The fixed-term employment is associated with 24% lower annual salary and private university has a salary premium of 16%.

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  • Ana Maria Takahashi & Shingo Takahashi, 2009. "Gender Salary Differences in Economics Departments in Japan," Working Papers EMS_2009_03, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
  • Handle: RePEc:iuj:wpaper:ems_2009_03
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Maria Takahashi & Shingo Takahashi & Thomas Maloney, 2015. "Gender salary and promotion gaps in Japanese academia: Results from science and engineering," Working Papers EMS_2015_02, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    2. Takahashi, Ana Maria & Takahashi, Shingo, 2015. "Gender promotion differences in economics departments in Japan: A duration analysis," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1-19.
    3. Ana Maria Takahashi & Shingo Takahashi & Atsuko Ueda, 2019. "Gender Promotion Gap in Japanese Academia in 2004-2013: Has It Changed Over Time?," Discussion Papers 1914, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    4. Mariusz Kaszubowski & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2014. "Salary and reservation wage gender gaps in Polish academia," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 19, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
    5. Juho Jokinen & Jaakko Pehkonen, 2017. "Promotions and Earnings – Gender or Merit? Evidence from Longitudinal Personnel Data," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 306-334, September.

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    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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