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Credit and Saving Constraints in General Equilibrium: Evidence from Survey Data

Author

Listed:
  • Catalina Granda
  • Franz Hamann

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Cesar E. Tamayo

Abstract

In this paper, we build a heterogeneous agents-dynamic general equilibrium model wherein saving constraints interact with credit constraints. Saving constraints in the form of fixed costs to use the financial system lead households to seek informal saving instruments (cash) and result in lower aggregate saving. Credit constraints induce misallocation of capital across producers that in turn lowers output, productivity, and the return to formal financial instruments. We calibrate the model using survey data from a developing country where informal saving and credit constraints are pervasive. Our quantitative results suggest that completely removing saving and credit constraints can have large effects on saving rates, output, TFP, and welfare. Moreover, we note that a sizable fraction of these gains can be more easily attained by a mix of moderate reforms that lower both types of frictions than by a strong reform on either front.

Suggested Citation

  • Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann & Cesar E. Tamayo, 2017. "Credit and Saving Constraints in General Equilibrium: Evidence from Survey Data," Borradores de Economia 1002, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1002
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1002
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/be.1002
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    1. Credit and Saving Constraints in General Equilibrium: Evidence from Survey Data
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2017-06-14 23:48:52

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    Cited by:

    1. Pham, Ngoc-Sang, 2018. "Credit limits and heterogeneity in general equilibrium models with a finite number of agents," MPRA Paper 88736, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Alina Malkova & Klara Sabirianova Peter & Jan Svejnar, 2021. "Labor Informality and Credit Market Accessibility," Papers 2102.05803, arXiv.org.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    saving constraints; credit constraints; financial inclusion; misallocation; saving; formal and informal financial markets.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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