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Credit and saving constraints in general equilibrium: A quantitative exploration

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  • Granda, Catalina
  • Hamann, Franz
  • Tamayo, Cesar E.

Abstract

In this paper we build an incomplete-markets model with heterogeneous households and firms to study the aggregate effects of saving constraints and credit constraints in general equilibrium. We calibrate the model using survey data from Colombia, a developing country in which informal saving and credit frictions are pervasive. Our quantitative results suggest that reducing savings costs increases selection into formal saving, but the effect on aggregate outcomes and welfare is dwarfed by that of a policy which ameliorates borrowing constraints. Such a policy improves resource allocation and increases returns to capital and labor, resulting in higher savings and welfare gains for both households and firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Granda, Catalina & Hamann, Franz & Tamayo, Cesar E., 2019. "Credit and saving constraints in general equilibrium: A quantitative exploration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 302-319.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:140:y:2019:i:c:p:302-319
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2019.06.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Pham, Ngoc-Sang, 2018. "Credit limits and heterogeneity in general equilibrium models with a finite number of agents," MPRA Paper 88736, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Saving constraints; Credit constraints; Financial inclusion; Misallocation; Savings; Formal and informal financial markets;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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