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Formalizando la informalidad empresarial en Colombia

Author

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  • Franz Hamann

    ()

  • Luis-Fernando Mejía

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta un modelo de equilibrio parcial dinámico de emprendedores que escogen establecerse en el sector formal o en el informal. Esta decisión es el resultado de un análisis de los costos y beneficios estáticos y dinámicos asociados a operar en cada uno de los dos sectores que incluyen los costos salariales, las tasas impositivas, los costos de crear y liquidar una empresa formal y la posibilidad de acceder al sistema financiero. El modelo es calibrado para replicar tanto el promedio como una medida de la dispersión del valor agregado relativo del sector formal versus el sector informal en Colombia para el período 2000-2007. Posteriormente, el trabajo investiga el impacto de diversas políticas de formalización sobre el tamaño relativo del sector formal. Las simulaciones encuentran que reducciones en los costos asociados a operar en el sector formal pueden conducir a aumentos considerables en el tamaño relativo del sector formal. El costo de montar una empresa, en especial, tiene efectos grandes sobre el tamaño de la formalidad. Los resultados sugieren, entonces, que el marco legal de regulación del sector formal en Colombia actúa como una barrera importante para la formalización empresarial.

Suggested Citation

  • Franz Hamann & Luis-Fernando Mejía, 2011. "Formalizando la informalidad empresarial en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 676, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:676
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    Cited by:

    1. Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann, 2015. "Informality, Saving and Wealth Inequality," Borradores de Economia 873, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann, 2015. "Informality, Saving and Wealth Inequality in Colombia," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 88196, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann & Cesar Tamayo, 2017. "Credit and Saving Constraints in General Equilibrium: Evidence from Survey Data," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 8283, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. Jesús Botero G. & Christian Vargas & Álvaro Hurtado Rendón & Humberto Franco, 2014. "Informality and formality: Fiscal policy in DSGE model," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010925, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Formalidad; informalidad; políticas de formalización empresarial. Classification JEL: E2; E6; H3; J4.;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets

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