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Formalizando la informalidad empresarial en Colombia

Author

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  • Franz Hamann
  • Luis-Fernando Mejía

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta un modelo de equilibrio parcial dinámico de emprendedores que escogen establecerse en el sector formal o en el informal. Esta decisión es el resultado de un análisis de los costos y beneficios estáticos y dinámicos asociados a operar en cada uno de los dos sectores que incluyen los costos salariales, las tasas impositivas, los costos de crear y liquidar una empresa formal y la posibilidad de acceder al sistema financiero. El modelo es calibrado para replicar tanto el promedio como una medida de la dispersión del valor agregado relativo del sector formal versus el sector informal en Colombia para el período 2000-2007. Posteriormente, el trabajo investiga el impacto de diversas políticas de formalización sobre el tamaño relativo del sector formal. Las simulaciones encuentran que reducciones en los costos asociados a operar en el sector formal pueden conducir a aumentos considerables en el tamaño relativo del sector formal. El costo de montar una empresa, en especial, tiene efectos grandes sobre el tamaño de la formalidad. Los resultados sugieren, entonces, que el marco legal de regulación del sector formal en Colombia actúa como una barrera importante para la formalización empresarial.

Suggested Citation

  • Franz Hamann & Luis-Fernando Mejía, 2011. "Formalizando la informalidad empresarial en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 9078, Banco de la Republica.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009078
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    Cited by:

    1. García-Suaza, A & Rodríguez-González, D & Sarango, A & Mayorga, J. D & Pretel, A & Husain-Talero, S & Zarama, L & Urbano, J. C., Girón, D., Medina, N, 2022. "Los impactos de la inclusión financiera en los micronegocios: factores que explican aumentos en los ingresos y crecimiento de los negocios," Documentos de Trabajo 20418, Universidad del Rosario.
    2. John Ariza & Floro Alexander Retajac, 2021. "Composición y evolución de la informalidad laboral en Colombia durante el período 2009-2019," Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, vol. 40(72), pages 115-148, July.
    3. Granda, Catalina & Hamann, Franz & Tamayo, Cesar E., 2019. "Credit and saving constraints in general equilibrium: A quantitative exploration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 302-319.
    4. Franz Hamann & Fernando Arias-Rodríguez & Jesus Bejarano & Margarita Gafaro & Juan C. Mendez-Vizcaino & Andrea Paola Poveda-Olarte, 2019. "Productividad total de los factores y eficiencia en el uso de los recursos productivos en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República, issue 89, pages 1-54, February.
    5. Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann, 2015. "Informality, Saving and Wealth Inequality in Colombia," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 88196, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Catalina Granda & Franz Hamann, 2015. "Informality, Saving and Wealth Inequality," Borradores de Economia 873, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. García-Suaza, A & Gómez, M & Jaramillo, F, 2021. "Fiscal policy and informality in Colombia," Documentos de trabajo - Alianza EFI 19416, Alianza EFI.
    8. Acosta-Henao, Miguel, 2023. "Law enforcement and the size of the informal sector," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    9. Jesús Botero G. & Christian Vargas & Álvaro Hurtado Rendón & Humberto Franco, 2014. "Informality and formality: Fiscal policy in DSGE model," Documentos de Trabajo de Valor Público 10925, Universidad EAFIT.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Formalidad; informalidad; políticas de formalización empresarial.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets

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