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Ventas callejeras y espacio público: efectos sobre el comercio de Bogotá

Author

Listed:
  • Rocha Ricardo

    ()

  • Fabio Sánchez

    ()

  • Leonardo Garcia

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo intenta medir empíricamente las externalidades generadas por las ventas callejeras en cuatro zonas de la ciudad. Dada la falta de información, se realizaron censos y encuestas a vendedores callejeros entre diciembre del 2004 y enero del 2005. El trabajo descriptivo muestra que el comercio establecido es menos formal de lo esperado, mientras que las ventas callejeras tienen muy poco de ambulantes, exhiben reducida escala y baja rivalidad espacial. Las estimaciones realizadas muestran el impacto negativo de la congestión del espacio público ocasionada por los vendedores callejeros sobre las ventas y el empleo del comercio establecido. Se llevan a cabo simulaciones de los efectos de una reducción en las ventas callejeras, que señalan que aunque las ventas callejeras son tan sólo 2% del total en los cuatro ejes analizados, reducen en 14% y 16% las ventas y el empleo del comercio establecido, respectivamente. Finalmente, se ponen de presente algunas limitaciones de la estrategia metodológica y se presentan propuestas para la política pública para enfrentar el fenómeno.

Suggested Citation

  • Rocha Ricardo & Fabio Sánchez & Leonardo Garcia, 2009. "Ventas callejeras y espacio público: efectos sobre el comercio de Bogotá," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:005865
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sebastian Galiani & Rafael Di Tella & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2002. "Crime Victimization and Income Distribution," Working Papers 50, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Aug 2002.
    2. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2010. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using Markov processes: An application to informality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 621-631, August.
    3. Joshua D. Angrist & Alan B. Krueger, 2001. "Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 69-85, Fall.
    4. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 1980. "Theories of urban externalities," MPRA Paper 24614, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Espacio público; ventas callejeras; informalidad; externalidades; congestión;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

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