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Does Apprenticeship Improve Job Opportunities? A Regression Discontinuity Approach

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  • Matteo PICCHIO

    () (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali)

  • Stefano STAFFOLANI

    () (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali)

Abstract

In Italy the reforms of the last twenty years shaped a dual labour market with different levels of employment protection for permanent jobs, on one side, and temporary jobs like apprenticeships and fixed-term contracts, on the other side. The main difference between apprentices and other types of temporary workers is that the former should receive firm-provided training. The firm incentive in hiring apprentices consists in the possibility to pay lower wages and in a reduction in labour taxes. Using an Italian administrative longitudinal dataset containing information on all the job contracts started between January 2009 and June 2012, we estimate hazard functions towards permanent jobs and contrast the ones of apprentices with those of other types of temporary workers. The hazard function estimates based on a regression discontinuity approach affirm that apprenticeships are sorts of "long entrance halls" towards open-ended contracts, especially within the same firm where the apprenticeship was performed.
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Suggested Citation

  • Matteo PICCHIO & Stefano STAFFOLANI, 2013. "Does Apprenticeship Improve Job Opportunities? A Regression Discontinuity Approach," Working Papers 393, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:393
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:178-189 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Regina T. Riphahn & Michael Zibrowius, 2015. "Apprenticeship, Vocational Training and Early Labor Market Outcomes - in East and West Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 743, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Andrea Albanese & Lorenzo Cappellari & Marco Leonardi, 2017. "The Effects of Youth Labor Market Reforms: Evidence from Italian Apprenticeships," CESifo Working Paper Series 6481, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Carlos Henrique Corseuil & Miguel Foguel & Gustavo Gonzaga, 2016. "Apprenticeship as a stepping stone to beter jobs: Evidence from brazilian matched employer-employee data," Textos para discussão 651, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    5. Chiara Gigliarano & Francesco Chelli, 2016. "Measuring inter-temporal intragenerational mobility: an application to the Italian labour market," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 89-102, January.
    6. Chiara Gigliarano & Francesco Maria Chelli, 2014. "A nonparametric Gini concentration test for labour market analysis," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 68(3-4), pages 135-142, July-Dece.
    7. d'Agostino, Giorgio & Pieroni, Luca & Scarlato, Margherita, 2015. "Revisiting the Effects of Enhanced Flexibility on the Italian Labour Market," MPRA Paper 63239, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. José Luis Viveros Añorve, 2015. "Towards a more effective poverty reduction in Mexico: a general equilibrium assessment," International Journal of Economic Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 75-107, March.
    9. Chiara Gigliarano & Francesco Maria Chelli, 2016. "Measuring inter-temporal intragenerational mobility: an application to the Italian labour market," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 89-102, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Apprenticeship; hazard function; permanent work; regression discontinuity; temporary work;

    JEL classification:

    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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