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Apprentices And Young Workers: A Study Of The Norwegian Youth Labour Market

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  • Jan Erik Askilden
  • Oivind Anti Nilsen

Abstract

Apprenticeship programmes are in many countries important stepping stones into the labour market. However, recruitment of apprentices seems to follow the business cycle. This pattern may be caused by firms' contemporaneous demand for labour, but may also be consistent with an investment hypothesis. A model, in which the tightness in the labour market is taken into account, is tested on a sample of Norwegian quarterly firm-specific data. The empirical findings give moderate support to an investment hypothesis. The apprentices substitute to some degree for skilled labour but are recruited primarily based on the labour market situation. The wage level plays a minor role for recruitment of apprentices. Copyright (c) Scottish Economic Society 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Erik Askilden & Oivind Anti Nilsen, 2005. "Apprentices And Young Workers: A Study Of The Norwegian Youth Labour Market," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 52(1), pages 1-17, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scotjp:v:52:y:2005:i:1:p:1-17
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Albanese & Lorenzo Cappellari & Marco Leonardi, 2017. "The Effects of Youth Labor Market Reforms: Evidence from Italian Apprenticeships," CESifo Working Paper Series 6481, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Jahn, Vera, 2015. "The Importance of Mittelstand Firms for Regional Apprenticeship Activity - Lessons for Policy -," Working Paper 158/2015, Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg.
    3. Winker Peter, 2016. "Editorial Announcement," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 236(1), pages 1-2, February.
    4. Mohrenweiser, Jens & Zwick, Thomas, 2009. "Why do firms train apprentices? The net cost puzzle reconsidered," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 631-637, December.
    5. Muehlemann, Samuel & Pfeifer, Harald & Walden, Günter & Wenzelmann, Felix & Wolter, Stefan C., 2010. "The financing of apprenticeship training in the light of labor market regulations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 799-809, October.
    6. Picchio, Matteo & Staffolani, Stefano, 2013. "Does Apprenticeship Improve Job Opportunities? A Regression Discontinuity Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 7719, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Brunello, Giorgio, 2009. "The Effect of Economic Downturns on Apprenticeships and Initial Workplace Training: A Review of the Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 4326, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Samuel Muehlemann & Juerg Schweri & Rainer Winkelmann & Stefan C. Wolter, 2007. "An Empirical Analysis of the Decision to Train Apprentices," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 21(3), pages 419-441, September.
    9. Mühlemann, Samuel & Wolter, Stefan C. & Wüest, Adrian, 2009. "Apprenticeship Training and the Business Cycle," IZA Discussion Papers 4460, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Guido Baldi & Imke Brüggemann-Borck & Thore Schlaak, 2014. "The Effect of the Business Cycle on Apprenticeship Training: Evidence from Germany," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 35(4), pages 412-422, December.
    11. Kristine Simson, 2015. "Explaining upper secondary school dropout: new evidence on the role of local labor markets," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 1419-1444.
    12. Franziska Burkart & Harald Pfeifer & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2017. "Firms as Producers vs. Consumers of Skills: An Optimal Inventory Strategy," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0136, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW).
    13. Jahn, Vera, 2017. "The Importance of Mittelstand Firms for Regional Apprenticeship Activity," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168260, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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