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Hiring Costs of Skilled Workers and the Supply of Firm-Provided Training

Author

Listed:
  • Blatter, Marc

    () (University of Bern)

  • Mühlemann, Samuel

    () (University of Munich)

  • Schenker, Samuel

    (University of Bern)

  • Wolter, Stefan C.

    () (University of Bern)

Abstract

This paper analyzes how the costs of hiring skilled workers from the external labor market affect a firm's supply of training. Using administrative survey data with detailed information on hiring and training costs for Swiss firms, we find evidence for substantial and increasing marginal hiring costs. However, firms can invest in internal training of unskilled workers and thereby avoid costs for external hiring. Controlling for a firm's training investment, we find that a one standard deviation increase in average external hiring costs increases the number of internal training positions by 0.7 standard deviations.

Suggested Citation

  • Blatter, Marc & Mühlemann, Samuel & Schenker, Samuel & Wolter, Stefan C., 2012. "Hiring Costs of Skilled Workers and the Supply of Firm-Provided Training," IZA Discussion Papers 6344, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6344
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Muehlemann, Samuel & Pfeifer, Harald & Walden, Günter & Wenzelmann, Felix & Wolter, Stefan C., 2010. "The financing of apprenticeship training in the light of labor market regulations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 799-809, October.
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    12. Francis Kramarz & Marie-Laure Michaud, 2002. "The Shape of Hiring and Separation Costs," Working Papers 2002-38, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
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    17. Muehlemann, Samuel & Wolter, Stefan C., 2011. "Firm-sponsored training and poaching externalities in regional labor markets," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 560-570.
    18. Dube, Arindrajit & Freeman, Eric & Reich, Michael, 2010. "Employee Replacement Costs," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt7kc29981, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jahn, Vera, 2015. "The Importance of Mittelstand Firms for Regional Apprenticeship Activity - Lessons for Policy -," Working Paper 158/2015, Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg.
    2. Yashiv, Eran, 2016. "Aggregate hiring and the value of jobs along the business cycle," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86175, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Moretti, Luca & Mayerl, Martin & Mühlemann, Samuel & Schlögl, Peter & Wolter, Stefan C., 2017. "So Similar and Yet So Different: A Comparative Analysis of a Firm's Cost and Benefits of Apprenticeship Training in Austria and Switzerland," IZA Discussion Papers 11081, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Yashiv, Eran, 2016. "Aggregate Hiring and the Value of Jobs Along the Business Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 11076, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Stockinger, Bastian & Zwick, Thomas, 2016. "Apprentice Poaching in Regional Labor Markets," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145565, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Samuel Muehlemann & Gerard Pfann & Harald Pfeifer & Hans Dietrich, 2018. "The Effects of Supply Shocks in the Market for Apprenticeships: Evidence from a German High School Reform," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0143, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW).
    7. Mirjam Strupler Leiser & Stefan C. Wolter, 2017. "Empirical Evidence on the Effectiveness of Social Public Procurement Policy: The Case of the Swiss Apprenticeship Training System," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 31(2), pages 204-222, June.
    8. Hinz, Tina, 2016. "Personnel policy adjustments when apprentice positions are unfilled: Evidence from German establishment data," Discussion Papers 99, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    9. Renato Faccini & Eran Yashiv, 2017. "The Importance of Hiring Frictions in Business Cycles," Discussion Papers 1736, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    10. Frederico Belo & Xiaoji Lin & Jun Li & Xiaofei Zhao, 2015. "Labor-Force Heterogeneity and Asset Prices: the Importance of Skilled Labor," NBER Working Papers 21487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. repec:oup:rfinst:v:30:y:2017:i:10:p:3669-3709. is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Faccini, Renato & Yashiv, Eran, 2016. "The Hiring Frictions and Price Frictions Nexus in Business Cycle Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 11639, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Samuel Muehlemann & Harald Pfeifer & Felix Wenzelmann, 2013. "The Costs of Recruiting Apprentices: Evidence from German Firm-Level Data," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0095, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW), revised Nov 2015.
    14. Samuel Muehlemann & Stefan Wolter, 2014. "Return on investment of apprenticeship systems for enterprises: Evidence from cost-benefit analyses," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-22, December.
    15. Mühlemann, Samuel & Pfann, Gerard A. & Pfeifer, Harald & Dietrich, Hans, 2018. "The Effects of Supply Shocks in the Market for Apprenticeships: Evidence from a German High School Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 11264, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    16. Franziska Burkart & Harald Pfeifer & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2017. "Firms as Producers vs. Consumers of Skills: An Optimal Inventory Strategy," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0136, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    hiring costs; apprenticeship training; firm-sponsored training;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions

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