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Temporary Employment, Job Flows and Productivity: A Tale of Two Reforms

  • Cappellari, Lorenzo

    ()

    (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

  • Dell’Aringa, Carlo

    ()

    (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

  • Leonardi, Marco

    ()

    (University of California, Berkeley)

We investigate the effects of two reforms of temporary employment using panel data on Italian firms. We exploit variation in their implementation across regions and sectors for identification. Our results show that the reform of apprenticeship contracts increased job turnover and induced the substitution of external staff with firms' apprentices, with an overall productivity-enhancing effect. The reform of fixed-term contracts instead did not produce the intended results: it induced a substitution of temporary employees in favour of external staff and reduced capital intensity, generating productivity losses. We estimate substitution elasticities across various types of temporary contracts that are consistent with this interpretation.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6526.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economic Journal, 2012, 122 (562), F188-F215.
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6526
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