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A Consistent Food Demand Framework for International Food Security Assessment

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  • Meade, Birgit
  • Rosen, Stacey
  • Beghin, John

Abstract

A parsimonious demand modeling approach has been developed for the annual USDA-ERS International Food Security Assessment to be fully implemented in 2016. The approach incorporates price effects, variation in food quality across income deciles, and consistent aggregation over income deciles and food qualities. The approach is based on a simple PIGLOG demand approach for four food categories: corn, other grains, roots and tubers, and “all other” foods. The framework exhibits desirable characteristics obtained via calibration: food “quality” within a food group increases with income (e.g., from simple wheat flour purchased by poor households to commercial baked goods purchased by higher income groups); price and income responses become less sensitive with increasing income; and increasing income inequality decreases average per capita food consumption. The proposed modeling approach is illustrated for Tanzania. The new calibrated model will be able to identify the unique impacts of income, prices, and exchange rates on food consumption, i.e. potential sources of food insecurity.

Suggested Citation

  • Meade, Birgit & Rosen, Stacey & Beghin, John, 2015. "A Consistent Food Demand Framework for International Food Security Assessment," Technical Bulletins 262292, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerstb:262292
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.262292
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Beghin, John C. & Meade, Birgit & Rosen, Stacey, 2014. "A Consistent Food Demand Framework for International Food Security Assessment," Staff General Research Papers Archive 38196, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:11:p:2074-:d:118354 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Karen Thome & Birgit Meade & Stacey Rosen & John C. Beghin, 2016. "Assessing Food Security in Ethiopia with USDA ERS's New Food Security Modeling Approach," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 16-wp567, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    4. Broussard, Nzinga H. & Tandon, Sharad, 2016. "Food Insecurity Measures: Experience-Based Versus Nutrition-Based Evidence From India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia," Economic Research Report 262189, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    5. Robinson, Amanda Lea, 2016. "Internal Borders: Ethnic-Based Market Segmentation in Malawi," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 371-384.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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