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Komplexitätsdimensionen von Klimapolitik: Die Rolle von politischer Ökonomie, Kapitalmärkten und der Stadtform

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  • Waldemar Marz

Abstract

Diese Dissertation befasst sich mit dem komplexen und vielschichtigen Problem des Klimawandels und der Klimapolitik. Da das Problem viele Disziplinen und auch Subdisziplinen innerhalb der Ökonomie tangiert, versucht diese Studie, verschiedene Bereiche und Dimensionen der ökonomischen Analyse zu verbinden. Kapitel 1 bildet die Grundlage für Kapitel 2. Kapitel 2 untersucht die Auswirkungen von Klimapolitik über eine CO2-Steuer auf das Extraktionsverhalten eines Exporteurs einer essentiellen fossilen Ressource wie Öl mit Marktmacht. Eine zusätzliche Dimension wird dabei dadurch eingeführt, dass die endogene Wechselwirkung von Ressourcen und Kapitalmarkt in einem allgemeinen Gleichgewichtsansatz berücksichtigt wird. Dadurch wird ein neuer Kanal für die Verzögerung der Ressourcenextraktion gefunden und diskutiert. Kapitel 3 untersucht Klimapolitik im Verkehrssektor über Effizienzstandards und Kraftstoffsteuern im Rahmen eines monozentrischen Stadtmodells. Dies eröffnet einen neuen Wirkungskanal dieser umweltpolitischen Instrumente auf die Wohlfahrt durch eine langfristige Anpassung der Stadtform. In Kapitel 4 werden die umweltökonomische und die politökonomische Perspektive in einem multidimensionalen Abstimmungsmodell integriert. Dies eröffnet einen eigenen Bereich von Fragen, etwa wie Umweltpolitik mit Umverteilungspolitik wechselwirkt und wie Einkommensungleichheit den Grad und die Polarisierung der resultierenden Klimapolitik unter den Parteien beeinflusst.

Suggested Citation

  • Waldemar Marz, 2019. "Komplexitätsdimensionen von Klimapolitik: Die Rolle von politischer Ökonomie, Kapitalmärkten und der Stadtform," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 85, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifobei:85
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