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Gasoline prices, gasoline consumption, and new-vehicle fuel economy: Evidence for a large sample of countries

  • Paul J. Burke

    ()

  • Shuhei Nishitateno

Countries differ considerably in terms of the price drivers pay for gasoline. This paper uses data for a large sample of countries to provide new evidence on the implications of these differences for the consumption of gasoline for road transport and the fuel economy of new vehicles. To address the potential for simultaneity bias in ordinary least squares estimation, we use a country's oil reserves as an instrument for its average gasoline pump price. We obtain estimates of the long-run price elasticity of gasoline demand of between -0.2 and -0.4, a smaller elasticity than most existing estimates. The results also indicate that higher gasoline prices induce consumers to substitute to vehicles that are more fuel-efficient, with an estimated elasticity of +0.2. While gasoline demand and fuel economy are both inelastic with respect to gasoline prices, there is considerable scope for low-price countries to achieve gasoline savings and vehicle fuel economy improvements via reducing gasoline subsidies and/or increasing gasoline taxes.

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File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/acde/publications/publish/papers/wp2011/wp_econ_2011_15.pdf
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Paper provided by The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2011-15.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pas:papers:2011-15
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