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The determinants of firm exit in the French food industries

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  • Pierre Blanchard

    (Université Paris Est, ERUDITE, Université Paris Est Créteil, 94010 Créteil, France)

  • Jean-Pierre Huiban

    () (INRA, UR 1303 ALISS, 65 boulevard de Brandebourg, 94205 Ivry-sur Seine cedex, and ERUDITE, Université Paris Est Créteil)

  • Claude Mathieu

    (Université Paris Est, ERUDITE, Université Paris Est Créteil, 94010 Créteil, France)

Abstract

A semi-parametric approach is used to estimate firm propensity to exit. The unobserved individual productivity of a firm is first estimated using the Ackerberg et al. (2006) approach and then introduced as a determinant of firm exit in conjunction with other variables that may serve as barriers to exit, including the firm’s level of sunk costs and the industry concentration. Using an unbalanced panel of data for 5,849 firms in French food industries from 1996 to 2002, we find a significantly negative relationship between a firm’s probability to exit and its individual efficiency and age. In addition to validating these well-known results, we also show that the level of sunk costs may be an important barrier to exit. Ultimately, the relationship between the propensity to exit and the industry level of concentration contains a turning point: the relationship is at first increasing but then becomes decreasing.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Blanchard & Jean-Pierre Huiban & Claude Mathieu, 2012. "The determinants of firm exit in the French food industries," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 93(2), pages 193-212.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:93:y:2012:i:2:p:193-212
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bureau, B. & Libert, T., 2016. "Enjeux économiques des défaillances d’entreprises en France," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 208, pages 55-63.
    2. Buttin, E., 2016. "Les green bonds : solution au financement de la transition ou effet de mode ?," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 208, pages 21-28.
    3. Greaney, Theresa M. & Li, Yao & Tu, Dongmei, 2017. "Pollution control and foreign firms’ exit behavior in China," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 148-159.
    4. Boileau, A. & Carlino, L. & Lafon, A.-S., 2016. "Au premier semestre 2016, les principaux groupes français renforcent leur profitabilité," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 208, pages 43-54.
    5. Cabrillac, B. & Gauvin, L. & Gossé, L., 2016. "Les obligations indexées sur le PIB : quels bénéfices pour les émetteurs, les investisseurs et la stabilité financière internationale ?," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 208, pages 5-20.
    6. Coffinet, J. & Jadeau, C. & Perillaud, S., 2016. "Tendances récentes du crédit à la consommation," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 208, pages 29-41.
    7. Aubert, Magali & Enjolras, Geoffroy, 2015. "Are short food supply chains a solution for farms facing financial difficulties?," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211622, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm; productivity; sunk costs; exit; concentration; food industries;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco

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