New-Firm Survival and the Technological Regime
The survival rates of over 11,000 firms established in 1976 are compared across manufacturing industries. The variation in ten-year survival rates across industries is hypothesized to be the result of differences in the underlying technological regime and industry-specific characteristics, especially the extent of scale economies and capital intensity. Based on 295 four-digit standard industrial classification industries, new-firm survival is found to be promoted by the extent of small-firm innovative activity. The existence of substantial scale economies and a high capital-labor ratio tends to lower the likelihood of firm survival. However, these results apparently vary considerably with the time interval considered. Market concentration is found to promote short-run survival, while it has no impact on long-run survival. Copyright 1991 by MIT Press.
Volume (Year): 73 (1991)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
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