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Productive efficiency and firm exit in the food sector

Author

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  • Dimara, Efthalia
  • Skuras, Dimitris
  • Tsekouras, Kostas
  • Tzelepis, Dimitris

Abstract

This work examines the effects of productive efficiency on the survival of firms in the Greek food sector. Technical and scale efficiency scores are computed within a data envelopment analysis (DEA) framework and are used as explanatory variables in a parametric (Weibull) survival model. High technical efficiency increases the median survival time and lowers the hazard rate of exit. As the scale efficiency of a firm operating either at increasing or decreasing returns to scale approaches one (1), its theoretically maximum value, the expected median survival time, is maximized for all types of exits. Developments in biotechnology, the evolution of alternative food supply networks, innovations in the food sector and competition policy are likely to affect technical and scale efficiency of food manufacturing firms. Results unraveling the effects of technical and scale efficiency on the survival of firms in the food sector are of particular relevance to food policy makers.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimara, Efthalia & Skuras, Dimitris & Tsekouras, Kostas & Tzelepis, Dimitris, 2008. "Productive efficiency and firm exit in the food sector," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 185-196, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:33:y:2008:i:2:p:185-196
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    3. Magdalena Kapelko & Alfons Oude Lansink, 2020. "Dynamic Cost Inefficiency of the European Union Meat Processing Firms," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(3), pages 760-777, September.
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    5. Ho, Dong-huyn & Lööf, Hans, 2009. "Creating Innovations, Productivity and Growth - the efficiency of Icelandic firms," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 162, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    6. Chieh-Wen Chang & Kun-Shan Wu & Bao-Guang Chang & Kuo-Ren Lou, 2019. "Measuring Technical Efficiency and Returns to Scale in Taiwan’s Baking Industry―A Case Study of the 85 °C Company," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-14, February.
    7. Oh, Dong-Hyun & Lööf, Hans & Heshmati, Almas, 2009. "The Icelandic Economy: a victim of the financial crisis or simply inefficient?," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 199, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    8. Pascal L. Ghazalian, 2016. "Processed Food Trade of Greece with EU and Non-EU Countries: An Empirical Analysis," International Journal of Food and Beverage Manufacturing and Business Models (IJFBMBM), IGI Global, vol. 1(2), pages 15-30, July.
    9. Blanchard, Pierre & Huiban, Jean-Pierre & Mathieu, Claude, 2011. "Productivity, sunk costs and firm exit in the French food industry," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114526, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. Catherine Ragasa & Suzanne Thornsbury & Satish Joshi, 2017. "Dynamics of EU food safety certification: a survival analysis of firm decisions," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-25, December.
    11. Dios-Palomares, Rafaela & Martínez-Paz, José M., 2011. "Technical, quality and environmental efficiency of the olive oil industry," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 526-534, August.
    12. Sanchez González, Jim & Restrepo-Tobón, Diego & Ramírez Hassan, Andrés, 2021. "Inefficiency and bank failure: A joint Bayesian estimation method of stochastic frontier and hazards models," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 344-360.
    13. Ragasa, Catherine & Thornsbury, Suzanne & Joshi, Satish, 2013. "Sustainability of EU Food Safety Certification: A survival analysis of firm decisions:," IFPRI discussion papers 1296, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    14. Kazukauskas, Andrius & Newman, Carol F. & Thorne, Fiona S., 2010. "Analysing the Effect of Decoupling on Agricultural Production: Evidence from Irish Dairy Farms using the Olley and Pakes Approach," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 59(03), pages 1-14, September.
    15. Mano, Yukichi & Suzuki, Aya, 2013. "Industrial Development through Takeovers and Exits: the Case of the Cut Flower Exporters in Ethiopia," Discussion Papers 2013-05, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    16. Lukáš Čechura & Zdeňka Žáková Kroupová, 2021. "Technical Efficiency in the European Dairy Industry: Can We Observe Systematic Failures in the Efficiency of Input Use?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-19, February.
    17. Anthony N. Rezitis & Maria A. Kalantzi, 2016. "Investigating Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants by Data Envelopment Analysis: An Application in the Greek Food and Beverages Manufacturing Industry," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(2), pages 254-271, April.
    18. Kazukauskas, Andrius & Newman, Carol F. & Thorne, Fiona S., 2010. "Analysing the Effect of Decoupling on Agricultural Production: Evidence from Irish Dairy Farms using the Olley and Pakes Approach," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 59(3).

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