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Debt Redemption and Reserve Accumulation

Author

Listed:
  • Laura Alfaro

    (Harvard Business School
    NBER)

  • Fabio Kanczuk

    (Universidade de São Paulo
    Ministry of Finance)

Abstract

In the past decade, foreign participation in local-currency bond markets in emerging countries has increased dramatically. We revisit sovereign debt sustainability under the assumptions that countries can borrow internationally using their own currencies and accumulate reserves. As opposed to traditional sovereign debt models, asset-valuation effects occasioned by currency fluctuations act to absorb global shocks and smooth consumption. Countries do not accumulate reserves to be depleted in “bad” times. Instead, issuing domestic debt while accumulating reserves acts as a hedge against external shocks. A quantitative exercise of the Brazilian economy suggests this strategy to be effective for smoothing consumption and reducing the occurrence of default.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Alfaro & Fabio Kanczuk, 2019. "Debt Redemption and Reserve Accumulation," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 67(2), pages 261-287, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:67:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1057_s41308-018-0058-4
    DOI: 10.1057/s41308-018-0058-4
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    3. Nada Azmy Elberry & Frank Naert & Stijn Goeminne, 2023. "Optimal public debt composition during debt crises: A review of theoretical literature," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(2), pages 351-376, April.
    4. Agustin S. Benetrix & Beren Demirolmez & Martin Schmitz, 2021. "The shock absorbing role of cross-border investments: net positions versus currency composition," Trinity Economics Papers tep0421, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    5. Sosa-Padilla, César & Sturzenegger, Federico, 2023. "Does it matter how central banks accumulate reserves? Evidence from sovereign spreads," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C).
    6. Camila Henao-Arbelaez & Nelson Sobrinho, 2018. "Activos financieros del gobierno y sostenibilidad de la deuda," Boletín, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA, vol. 0(1), pages 45-98, enero-mar.
    7. Agustín Bénétrix & Beren Demirölmez & Martin Schmitz, 2024. "The Shock Absorbing Role of Cross-border Investments: Net Positions Versus Currency Composition," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 363-394, April.
    8. Joshua Aizenman & Yothin Jinjarak, 2020. "Hoarding for stormy days—Test of international reserves adjustment providing financial buffer stock services," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 656-675, August.
    9. Lau, Evan & Moll de Alba, Jaime & Liew, Kim-Hing, 2022. "Debt and economic growth in Asian developing countries," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 599-612.
    10. Alfaro, Laura & Asis, Gonzalo & Chari, Anusha & Panizza, Ugo, 2019. "Corporate debt, firm size and financial fragility in emerging markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 1-19.
    11. Vasilyev, Dmitry (Васильев, Дмитрий) & Busygin, Vladimir (Бусыгин, Владимир) & Busygin, Sergei (Бусыгин, Сергей), 2016. "Testing and Interpreting Uncovered Interest Parity in Russia [Проверка И Интерпретация Выполнения Процентного Паритета В России]," Ekonomicheskaya Politika / Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 4, pages 35-55, August.

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