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Hierarchical Organization and School Academic Achievement in Medellin: An Analysis from the Educational Production Function


  • David Tobón

    () (Grupo de Microeconomía Aplicada, Universidad de Antioquia)

  • Germán Darío Valencia Agudelo

    () (grupos de investigación de Estudios Políticos y Microeconomía Aplicada de la Universidad de Antioquia)

  • Paul Ríos Gallego

    () (Grupo de Microeconomía Aplicada de la Universidad de Antioquia)

  • John Fredy Bedoya

    () (Grupo de Microeconomía Aplicada de la Universidad de Antioquia)


In this paper we are interested in investigating the student's performance in the ICFES test in Medellin, taking into account different inputs and the interaction between these inputs and outcomes. We characterize the teaching process by assuming that it could be described by an academic achievement production function and considering the educational hierarchical organization. We use the information contained in a survey applied to 732 teachers and 105 principals. Additionally, this survey contains information about the relationship between students, parents, teachers and principals. Our results suggest that academic achievement is improved by introducing institutional changes; which, in turn, strength the commitment of the actors involved in the educational process, as well as the quality of the initial condition among the students.

Suggested Citation

  • David Tobón & Germán Darío Valencia Agudelo & Paul Ríos Gallego & John Fredy Bedoya, 2008. "Hierarchical Organization and School Academic Achievement in Medellin: An Analysis from the Educational Production Function," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 68, pages 145-173, Enero-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2008:i:68:p:145-173

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Piedad Patricia Restrepo Restrepo & Mauricio Alviar Ramírez, 2004. "El logro académico y el efecto colegio en las pruebas Icfes en Antioquia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 60, pages 67-95, Enero-Jun.
    2. Fertig, Michael & Wright, Robert E., 2005. "School quality, educational attainment and aggregation bias," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 109-114, July.
    3. Bratti, Massimiliano & Checchi, Daniele & Filippin, Antonio, 2007. "Territorial Differences in Italian Students’ Mathematical Competencies: Evidence from PISA 2003," IZA Discussion Papers 2603, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Ahmed, Akhter U. & del Ninno, Carlo, 2002. "The Food For Education program in Bangladesh," FCND discussion papers 138, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Marcotte, Dave E., 2007. "Schooling and test scores: A mother-natural experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 629-640, October.
    6. Brasington, D. M., 2003. "The supply of public school quality," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 367-377, August.
    7. Alejandro GAVIRIA, Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS & Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    8. Bacolod, Marigee P. & Tobias, Justin L., 2006. "Schools, school quality and achievement growth: Evidence from the Philippines," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 619-632, December.
    9. Ahmed, Akhter U. & Arends-Kuenning, Mary, 2006. "Do crowded classrooms crowd out learning? Evidence from the food for education program in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 665-684, April.
    10. Heshmati, Almas, 2002. "Quality adjusted measures of services in public schools," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 136(3), pages 655-670, February.
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    More about this item


    economics of education; production function; hierarchical arrangement; quality and efficiency educational;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms


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