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The Impacts of Technical Progress on Sulfur Dioxide Kuznets Curve in China: A Spatial Panel Data Approach

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  • Zhimin Zhou

    () (School of Statistics and Mathematics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
    Computational Social Science Laboratory, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44240, USA)

  • Xinyue Ye

    () (Computational Social Science Laboratory, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44240, USA)

  • Xiangyu Ge

    () (School of Statistics and Mathematics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China)

Abstract

This paper aims to reveal the nexus for sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) emission and income, as well as the effects of technical progress on SO 2 emission in China based on environment Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis. The spatial panel technique is used in case the coefficient estimates are biased due to the negligence of spatial dependence. With the provincial panel data of China from 2004 to 2014, this is the first research that finds an inverse N -trajectory of the relationship between SO 2 emission and economic growth and confirms the beneficial impacts of technical advancement on SO 2 emission abatement. The empirical results also suggest that the industrial structure change is an important driving force of the SO 2 EKC. In addition, the direct and spillover effects of determinants on sulfur emission are clarified and estimated by a correct approach. Finally, we check the stability of our conclusions on the EKC shape for SO 2 and technical progress effects when controlling for different variables and specifications, through which we find the turning points are sensitive to variables selections.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhimin Zhou & Xinyue Ye & Xiangyu Ge, 2017. "The Impacts of Technical Progress on Sulfur Dioxide Kuznets Curve in China: A Spatial Panel Data Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(4), pages 1-27, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:4:p:674-:d:96631
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:3:p:657-:d:134082 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Keywords

    SO 2 emission; environmental Kuznets curve; technical progress; spatial panel data model;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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